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Jan de Weryha-Wysoczański

Jan de Weryha standing in front of his work “Wooden Panel” (2001)
Jan de Weryha standing in front of his work “Wooden Panel” (2001). Various types of wood, nails, 412 x 216 x 18 cm. Taken in the de Weryha Collection, Hamburg, 2014

The De Stijl group and early constructivists were not yet interested in material phenomena. In Germany people only discussed and propagated the appropriate use of natural materials in industrial modernism in connection with the applied arts (i.e. arts and crafts), from the Deutscher Werkbund, founded in 1907. In Western Europe object art only developed in a slow process, moving from the invention of collage as an artistic technique by DADA artists around 1916, via the "MERZ pictures" by Kurt Schwitters, to his object and spatial collages, like the walk-through "Merzbau", created in 1923. That said, constructivist sculpture, in which the material played a new role, had evolved much earlier in Moscow. Beginning in 1914, Vladimir Tatlin still in close connection with Futurism and Suprematism, developed three-dimensional "corners" and "counter-reliefs" made of found materials like wood, iron, zinc, leather and metal wires, thereby propagating a "culture of the material".

Under the influence of the Russian Revolution, Alexander Rodchenko and El Lissitzky developed geometrically determined, constructivist objects that were intended to be "non-objective in a material world". Emigrants from Moscow like Naum Gabo and his brother Antoine Pevsner exported these ideas to Berlin and Paris, and Katarzyna Kobro exported them to Warsaw, where she emigrated in 1922. As the equivalent of the modern world they introduced into sculpture smooth, industrially manufactured and shaped materials like Plexiglas, sheet steel, industrially processed glass and wood in geometric forms and pure colours. Starting in 1919, the Staatliches Bauhaus in Weimar and Dessau not only offered a discussion and teaching platform for all previous and current branches of constructivism, but also propagated its application in all areas of life. To this day, its resonance has shaped broad areas of art theory and our everyday lives.

In Poland (after the first Constructivist works by Henryk Stażewski and the founding of the Blok group in 1924 by Stażewski, Henryk Berlewi and Władysław Strzemiński, who had been married to Kobro since 1920), an independent tradition of Constructivism emerged. Although it reflected the entire European movement, it was hardly noticed by the West. It was followed in the 1960s and 1970s by a "neo-avant-garde" connected to Constructivism. The artists included Edward Krasiński in object art, Zofia Artymowska and Jerzy Grabowski in graphic art, and Józef Robakowski and Ryszard Waśko in painting, film, video, and object art. Today, young Polish artists such as Natalia Stachon and Marlena Kudlicka, some of whom work in Germany, once again refer back to the first generation of the Constructivist Polish avant-garde. 

De Weryha initially applied geometric forms to the arrangement of his floor works (ill. 14, 16, 26, 29), then to free-standing objects like the "Wooden Pillar" (ill. 38), the "Wooden Cube" (ill. 40) and the cone-shaped "Wooden Object" (ill. 93), and finally to the internal structure of his "Wooden Panels" (ill. 78, 91, 92). But these rigorous, regular works also point back to Concrete Art, which followed Constructivism. Introduced by van Doesburg and followed up by the 'Art concret' group founded in Paris in 1929, this movement with the Swiss Max Bill and Richard Paul Lohse was given its theoretical basis in 1936 and the 1940s, a basis that is still valid today. While Bill initially only allowed strict mathematical and geometric systems as the basis for "subjective forms" in art, in the 1960s he also allowed statistically calculated, uniform distributions, regular grids and "orders". Starting in 1940, Lohse researched "serial" and "modular orders", which he propagated in the 1980s.[1]

 

[1] Richard Paul Lohse: Modulare Ordnungen (1985), Serielle Ordnungen (1985), in: Richard Paul Lohse 1902-1988, exhibition catalog Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen 1992, p. 18 f., 21 f. 

Mediathek Sorted

Media library
  • ill.1: untitled, 1997

    untitled, 1997. Basswood 299 x 241 x 26 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 2: untitled, 1997

    untitled, 1997. Alder, 104 x 20 x 15 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 3: untitled, 1997

    untitled, 1997. Various types of wood, 228 x 84 x 51 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 4: untitled, 1997

    untitled, 1997. Various types of wood, 119 x 111 x 28 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 5: untitled, 1997

    untitled, 1997. Larch wood, 245 x 164 x 88 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 6: untitled, 1997

    untitled, 1997. Maple, 463 x 125 x 15 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 7:untitled, 1997

    untitled, 1997. Oak, 100 x 38 x 4.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 8: untitled, 1998

    untitled, 1998. Various types of wood, 248 x 222 x 14 cm (1st Prize, Prix du Jury, at the Salon de Printemps 98 – European Competition for Contemporary Art –, Luxemburg 1998), de Weryha Collection, Ha...
  • ill. 9: untitled, 1998

    untitled, 1998. Various types of wood, 450 x 230 x 56 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 10: untitled, 1998

    untitled, 1998. Maple, 90 x 75 x 39 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 11: untitled, 1998

    untitled, 1998. Basswood, 175 x 75 x 18 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 12: untitled, 1999

    untitled, 1999. Basswood, 251 x 140 x 34 cm, National Museum in Stettin/Muzeum Narodowe w Szczecinie
  • ill. 13: untitled, 1999

    untitled, 1999. Maple, 500 x 190 x 15 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 14: untitled, 1999

    untitled, 1999. Oak, 132 x 115 x 12 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 15: untitled, 1999

    untitled, 1999. Various types of wood, cardboard boxes, 320 x 145 x 27 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 16: untitled, 1999

    untitled, 1999. Various types of wood, 356 x 356 x 14 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 17: untitled, 1999

    untitled, 1999. Larch, 1140 x 120 x 55, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 18a: Neuengamme Memorial, 1999

    Neuengamme Memorial, 1999. 30 roughly hewn granite blocks on a 24 m² area of polished granite slabs, granite gravel path. Commissioned by the Bund der Polen in Deutschland e.V. In memory of the person...
  • ill. 18b: Neuengamme Memorial, 1999

    Neuengamme Memorial, 1999. Commissioned by the Bund der Polen in Deutschland e.V. In memory of the persons deported from the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, Neuengamme concentration camp, Hamburg, Polish mem...
  • ill. 18c: Neuengamme Memorial, 1999

    Neuengamme Memorial, 1999. Commissioned by the Bund der Polen in Deutschland e.V. In memory of the persons deported from the Warsaw Uprising in 1944, Neuengamme concentration camp, Hamburg, German mem...
  • ill. 19: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Maple, 120 x 120 x 36 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 20: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Oak, charcoaled, 220 x 60 x 58 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 21: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Willow, 220 x 58 x 58 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 22: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Various types of wood, 195 x 195 x 15 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 23: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Basswood, 97 x 97 x 29 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 24: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Chestnut, partly with bark, 260 x 140 x 56 cm, Museum of Modern Art, Radom/Muzeum Sztuki Współczesnej w Radomiu
  • ill. 25: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Bark, 90 x 90 x 34 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 26: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Willow, 90 x 90 x 35 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 27: untitled, 2000

    untitled, 2000. Basswood, 200 x 197 x 55 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 28: Wooden Panel, 2001

    Wooden Panel, 2001. Various types of wood, partially charcoaled, nails, 412 x 220 x 17 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 29: untitled, 2001

    untitled, 2001. Maple, 156 x 156 x 26 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 30: untitled, 2001

    untitled, 2001. Various types of wood, 350 x 106 x 43 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 31: Wooden Panel, 2001

    Wooden Panel, 2001. Various types of wood, nails, 412 x 216 x 18 cm (Detail), de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 32: Wooden Panel, 2001

    Wooden Panel, 2001. Spruce, charcoaled, birch, nails, 470 x 240 x 17 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 33: Wooden Panel, 2002

    Wooden Panel, 2002. Spruce, charcoaled, oak, maple, bark, 404 x 204 x 26 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 34: Wooden Panel, 2002

    Wooden Panel, 2002. Maple, charcoaled, 100 x 100 x 9 cm, Królikowski-Collection, Dąbrówka Wielka/Poland
  • ill. 35: Wooden Panel, 2002

    Wooden Panel, 2002. Spruce, charcoaled, bark, nails, 310 x 100 x 7 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 36: Wooden Panel, 2002

    Wooden Panel, 2002. Spruce, patinated, oak bark, 106 x 106 x 20 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 37: Wooden Panel, 2002

    Wooden Panel, 2002. Spruce, charcoaled, maple, 101 x 101 x 9 cm (Detail), de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 38: Wooden pillar, 2003

    Wooden pillar, 2003. Bark, wood, 285 x 100 x 100 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 39: Wooden Panel, 2003

    Wooden Panel, 2003. Bark, 253 x 200 x 11 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 40: Wooden Cube, 2003

    Wooden Cube, 2003. Various types of wood, 230 x 230 x 230 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 41: untitled, 2003

    untitled, 2003. Various types of wood, 880 x 220 x 16 cm (Detail), de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 42: Wooden Panel, 2003

    Wooden Panel, 2003. Various types of wood, 440 x 220 x 16 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 43: Wooden Panel, 2003

    Wooden Panel, 2003. Spruce, charcoaled, Various types of wood, nails, 150 x 150 x 9 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 44: Wooden Panel, 2003

    Wooden Panel, 2003. Spruce charcoaled, bark, nails, 150 x 150 x 9 cm, Centre for Polish Sculpture, Orońsko/Centrum Rzeźby Polskiej w Orońsku
  • ill. 45: untitled, 2004

    untitled, 2004. Spruce charcoaled, nails, 150 x 150 x 18 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 46: untitled, 2004

    untitled, 2004. Spruce charcoaled, bark, nails, 156 x 156 x 8 cm, Privately owned: Dr. S. Ropohl, Hamburg
  • ill. 47: untitled, 2005

    untitled, 2005. Various types of wood, 284 x 39 x 20 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 48: untitled, 2005

    untitled, 2005. Poplar, 320 x 320 x 40 cm, Owner: Galeria Szyb Wilson, Kattowitz
  • ill. 49: untitled, 2005

    untitled, 2005. Various types of wood, 480 x 280 x 45 cm (Detail). de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 50: Artwork on Architecture, 2005

    Artwork on Architecture, 2005. Robinia, 25 m2, Height 45 cm, Gymnasium Eckhorst, Bargteheide
  • ill. 51: untitled, 2006

    untitled, 2006. Birch, 900 x 240 x 14 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 52: Wooden Panel, 2006

    Wooden Panel, 2006. Various types of wood, 890 x 234 x 15 cm (Detail), de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 53: Orońsko, 2006

    Orońsko, 2006. Birch, 900 x 900 x 50 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 54: Wooden Object, 2006

    Wooden Object, 2006. Branches, 220 x 170 x 40 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 55: Wooden Object, 2006

    Wooden Object, 2006. Branches, 235 x 170 x 43 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 56: Wooden Object, 2006

    Wooden Object, 2006. Various types of wood, 280 x 243 x 55 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 57: Wooden Object, 2006

    Wooden Object, 2006. Birch branches, 310 x 310 x 220 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 58: Wooden Panel, 2007

    Wooden Panel, 2007. Spruce, charcoaled, reeds, 82 x 82 x 9 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 59: untitled, 2007

    untitled, 2007. Spruce, charcoaled, 700 x 200 x 10 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 60: Wooden Object, 2008

    Wooden Object, 2008. Birch, 900 x 900 x 43 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 61: Wooden Object, 2008

    Wooden Object, 2008. Various types of wood, 800 x 800 x 18 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 62: Wooden Panel, 2009

    Wooden Panel, 2009. Spruce, charcoaled, maple, 101 x 101 x 20 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 63: Wooden Panel, 2009

    Wooden Panel, 2009. Spruce, charcoaled, twigs, 101 x 101 x 10 cm (Detail), de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 64: Wooden Panel, 2010

    Wooden Panel, 2010. Oak, nails, 140 x 140 x 11 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 65: untitled, 2010

    untitled, 2010. Bark, 243 x 170 x 53 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 66: Wooden Panel, 2010

    Wooden Panel, 2010. Spruce, charcoaled, wood stems, 25.5 x 25.5 x 8 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 67: Chilehaus five lines, 2011

    Chilehaus five lines, 2011. Birch, 9000 x 230 x 14 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 68: Wooden Panel, 2011

    Wooden Panel, 2011. Spruce, lavender, 34 x 34 x 8.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 69: Wooden Panel, 2011

    Wooden Panel, 2011. Poplar, 50 x 50 x 18 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 70: Wooden Panel, 2011

    Wooden Panel, 2011. Spruce, charcoaled, spruce needles, 28 x 28 x 11.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 71: Wooden Panel, 2012

    Wooden Panel, 2012. Poplar, 50 x 50 x 8.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 72a: Bergedorf Memorial, 2012

    Bergedorf Memorial, 2012. To the memory of the forced labourers of the Nazi rule in Bergedorf, on the initiative of the AG Gedenken, Schleusengraben-Promenade am Kampdeich in Hamburg-Bergedorf, concre...
  • ill. 72b: Bergedorf Memorial, 2012

    Bergedorf Memorial, 2012. To the memory of the forced labourers of the Nazi rule in Bergedorf, on the initiative of the AG Gedenken, Schleusengraben-Promenade am Kampdeich in Hamburg-Bergedorf, concre...
  • ill. 72c: Bergedorf Memorial, 2012

    Bergedorf Memorial, 2012. To the memory of the forced labourers of the Nazi rule in Bergedorf, on the initiative of the AG Gedenken, Schleusengraben-Promenade am Kampdeich in Hamburg-Bergedorf; memori...
  • ill. 73: Wooden Panel, 2012

    Wooden Panel, 2012. Poplar, 50 x 50 x 9 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 74: Wooden Panel, 2013

    Wooden Panel, 2013. Spruce, 106 x 102 x 23 cm, Centre for Polish Sculpture, Orońsko/ Centrum Rzeźby Polskiej w Orońsku
  • ill. 75: Wooden Panel, 2013

    Wooden Panel, 2013. Spruce, 104.5 x 104.5 x 12.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 76: Wooden Panel, 2013

    Wooden Panel, 2013. Poplar, 50 x 50 x 8.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 77: Wooden Panel, 2013

    Wooden Panel, 2013. Cut reeds on wooden board, 50 x 50 x 9.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 78: Wooden Panel, 2013

    Wooden Panel, 2013. Spruce, 106 x 104 x 10 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 79: Wooden Panel, 2013

    Wooden Panel, 2013. Spruce, 106 x 104 x 10 cm (Detail), de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 80: Wooden Panel, 2013

    Wooden Panel, 2013. Spruce, broken and cut on wooden board, 120 x 118 x 10.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 81: Wooden Object, 2014

    Wooden Object, 2014. Poplar, cut and freely arranged, 400 x 400 x 39 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 82: Wooden Object, 2014

    Wooden Object, 2014. Poplar, cut and broken, wooden dowels, 187 x 187 x 16 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 83: Wooden Object, 2014

    Wooden Object, 2014. Poplar, cut and broken, 119 x 119 x 16 cm, Kunstsammlung Birkel, Hamburg
  • ill. 84: Wooden Object, 2014

    Wooden Object, 2014. Poplar, cut and broken, 119 x 119 x 16 cm (Side view), Kunstsammlung Birkel, Hamburg
  • ill. 85: Wooden Object, 2014

    Wooden Object, 2014. Poplar, cut and broken, 145 x 145 x 10.5 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 86: Wooden Object, 2014

    Wooden Object, 2014. Poplar, cut and broken, 142 x 142 x 21 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 87: Wooden Object, 2015

    Wooden Object, 2015. Spruce, cut and broken, wooden dowels, 135 x 135 x 18 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 88: Wooden Object, 2015

    Wooden Object, 2015. Spruce, cut and broken, wooden dowels, 200 x 200 x 17 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 89: Wooden Object, 2015

    Wooden Object, 2015. Spruce, cut and broken, wooden dowels, 196 x 196 x 10 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 90: Wooden Panel, 2016

    Wooden Panel, 2016. Spruce, cut and broken, 107.5 x 107.5 x 14 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 91: Wooden Panel, 2016

    Wooden Panel, 2016. Spruce, cut and split, 115 x 115 x 8 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 92: Wooden Panel, 2017

    Wooden Panel, 2017. Spruce, cut and split, 115 x 115 x 8 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 93: Wooden Object, 2017

    Wooden Object, 2017. Spruce, cut and broken, wooden dowels, 250 x 198 x 198 cm, de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 94: de Weryha Collection, Hamburg

    de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 95: de Weryha Collection, Hamburg

    de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 96: de Weryha Collection, Hamburg

    de Weryha Collection, Hamburg
  • ill. 97: de Weryha Collection, Hamburg

    de Weryha Collection, Hamburg