KZ Mauthausen

Entry to the former concentration camp
Entry to the former concentration camp

It was the only camp in the Third Reich classified as category 3, which stood for extermination through work. The prisoners were forced to work e.g. in the quarries of Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke GmbH, established after the annexation of Austria into Germany. The plant belonged to the SS and was involved in the extraction of building materials. Other companies such as Bayer, Messerschmitt and Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG also took advantage of the forced labour. Work lasted from nine to eleven hours a day except for Sundays. The food was insufficient and the penalties for the most minor offenses were exceptionally brutal. One of the most cruel was the work in the penal unit, where they had to carry stones weighing up to 50 kilograms on their backs from the quarry to the camp. The prisoners were also murdered by being pushed down from a height of 50 meters. This is how Dutch Jews, in particular, died. From March 1942, about 35,000 people were also murdered with gas. In February 1945, 500 inmates managed to escape, but were quickly caught, which was also helped by the local residents. Probably 11 fugitives, who were lucky enough to come across benevolent local inhabitants, managed to survive.

The Americans liberated the camp on the 5th of May 1945 with the help of a Red Cross delegate Louis Häfliger. About 40,000 to 50,000 prisoners were saved. The victims of KZ Mauthausen and its sub-camps included many participants of the Warsaw Uprising:

 

ANTOLAK JÓZEF a.k.a. "Szczur"

* 15.7.1927 Błonie

† 24.4.1945

 

BARAN WACŁAW a.k.a. "Grześ"

† 30.4.1945

 

BIBRICH STEFAN a.k.a. "Szymański"

* 8.2.1907 Warsaw

† 12.11.1944

 

BUCZYŃSKI KAZIMIERZ Sergeant, Cadet Officer a.k.a. "Sowa"

* 16.1.1911 Cepcewicze Wielkie

† 21.11.1944

 

CHABOWSKI WIKTOR a.k.a. "Wierzba"

* 6.3.1899 Płock

† 18.5.1945

 

DĄBROWSKI JÓZEF WIESŁAW Cadet Officer a.k.a. "Dąbrowa"

* 10.4.1906 Charków

† 1945

 

DĄBROWSKI BOGUSŁAW Rifleman

* 12.1.1925

† 14.2.1945

 

EJERMAN TEODOR Company Sergeant Major a.k.a. "Kotlarz"

* 26.5.1903 Warsaw

† 30.1.1945

 

ELZANOWSKI HENRYK

* 4.12.1923 Leśno

† in the uprising or on 17.4.1945

 

GAWOR ZBIGNIEW Cpl, Cadet Officer a.k.a. "Kropka"

* 3.9.1921 Żyrardów

† 6.2.1945

 

GOŁUCHOWSKI RYSZARD

* 27.11.1927

† 1945

 

GWIAZDA KAZIMIERZ Cpl

* 20.1.1895 Warsaw

† 3.2.1945

 

HERUBIN JÓZEF Sergeant Major a.k.a. "Cynk"

* 4.3.1911 Warsaw

† 7.12.1944

 

HOLTZ GUSTAW

* 9.3.1911 Warsaw

† 22.1.1945

 

JACHOWSKI WŁADYSŁAW a.k.a. "Skalski", "Wacław"

* 26.11.1906 Dylew

† 2.3.1945

 

JANC ZYGMUNT a.k.a. "Legun"

* 5.3.1911 Nasielsk

† 4.2.1945

 

KAMIŃSKI ZYGMUNT

* 20.0.1900 Warsaw

† 30.1.1945

 

KONARSKI GUSTAW

* 20.1.1925 Warsaw

† 19.2.1945

 

KONTRYM BOGDANN Rifleman a.k.a. "Andy"

* 21.9.1924 Wilanów

† 17.04.1945

 

KROPIELNICKI STANISŁAW a.k.a. "Kropla"

 

KRZESZOWSKI FRANCISZEK a.k.a. "Krzesiwo"

* 15.9.1904

† 21.1.1945

 

KRZYŻAGÓRSKI ALOJZY Cpl

* 19.5.1911

† 16.1.1945

 

KUK WŁODZIMIERZ a.k.a. "Staszek"

* 23.3.1924 Warsaw

† 24.04.1945

 

KULPIŃSKI WACŁAW Fireman

* 21.1.1905

† 29.4.1945

 

KUPIEC EUGENIUSZ a.k.a. "Szczepan"

† 19.4.1945

 

KUROWSKI JAN Fireman

* 22.8.1892 Zglechów

† 15.4.1945

 

LIPOWSKI WŁADYSŁAW Sergeant a.k.a. "Olek"

† 24.4.1945

 

LIZURAJ-POMIOTOWSKI ZYGMUNT Rifleman a.k.a. "Wojtek"

 

LOREK HENRYK Cpl a.k.a. "Pająk"

* 5.8.1915 Żelazna (?)

† 24.4.1945

 

ŁADKOWSKI ZDZISŁAW Cpl a.k.a. "Miecz"

* 1914

† 16.1.1945

 

MACIAŁEK BRONISŁAW Rifleman a.k.a. "Drucik"

* 1.10.1922 Szewsko

† 28.11.1944

 

MATUSZEWSKI CZESŁAW a.k.a. "Szybki"

* 1.11.1912

† 17.1.1945

 

MAZGAJSKI JÓZEF Company Sergeant Major a.k.a. "Drut"

* 23.3.1900 Żyrardów

 

MĄCZYŃSKI JERZY Cpl a.k.a. "Modrzew"

 

MERLAK LUCJAN Assistant Scoutmaster, Rifleman a.k.a. "Łabęda"

* 23.8.1913 Kamieńsk

† 30.11.1944

 

MIŁKOWSKI ZYGMUNT Colonel a.k.a. "Denhoff", "Wrzos"

* 30.10.1894 Zofiówka

† 6.4.1945

 

MUSIAŁ NARCYZ

* 29.10.1897 Warsaw

† 18.5.1945

 

NOWAK RYSZARD Lance Corporal Rifles a.k.a. "Murzyn"

* 2.5.1925 Warsaw

† 13.5.1945

 

OBIESŁO KAZIMIERZ Rifleman a.k.a. "Wiech", "Kazik"

* 2.3.1907 Warsaw

† 7.5.1945

 

OGÓŁA RYSZARD a.k.a. "Pajac"

* 9.9.1918 Warsaw

† 4.5.1945

 

PATKOWSKI JERZY

* 30.10.1919 Warsaw

† 30.1.1945

 

PAWLONKA JAN a.k.a. "Bartek"

† 23.1.1945

 

PIASECKI JAN Rifleman

* 15.2.1903 Warsaw

† 26.11.1944

 

PIELAK MIECZYSŁAW Rifleman

* 27.6.1901

† 20.4.1945

 

PIEKARNIAK LEON Rifleman a.k.a. "Leoniak"

* 12.6.1913 Warsaw

† 14.3.1945

 

PLADYS EUGENIUSZ Rifleman a.k.a. "K-7"

* 1.9.1927 Warsaw

 

PORĘBSKI LEOPOLD Regimental Sergeant Major a.k.a. "Walenty"

* 2.12.1894

† 15.1.1945

 

PRAWICZ WŁADYSŁAW Rifleman a.k.a. "Delfin"

* 4.6.1928 Warsaw

† 21.10.1945 after liberation

 

PYSZKOWSKI JÓZEF a.k.a. "Ziuk"

* 25.5.1903

† 29.12.1944

 

SPLETSTÖSSER ANTONI Second-Lieutenant a.k.a. "Reguła"

* 4.6.1901 Rosko

† 29.12.1944

 

STASZEWSKI WŁADYSŁAW Cpl a.k.a. "Szary"

* 18.12.1925 Pabianice

 

SZABELAK BRONISŁAW Company Sergeant Major

* 1897

† 10.1944

 

SZARUCH ANTONI a.k.a. "Janek"

* 10.5.1889

† 22.2.1945

 

SZYMAŃSKI MARIAN Rifleman a.k.a. "Bambus"

* 2.2.1916 Warsaw

† 23.3.1945

 

SZYMCZAK MIECZYSŁAW Rifleman

* 26.9.1923 Warsaw

† 29.3.1945

 

TURKOWSKI MARIAN Rifleman a.k.a. "Turek"

 

VELTZE JERZY Rifleman

* 12.2.1924 Lviv

† 9.2.1945

 

VELTZE ZBIGNIEW Second-Lieutenant a.k.a. "Maria"

* 19.7.1913 Lviv

† 15.1.1945

 

WARDZIŃSKI CZESŁAW Rifleman a.k.a. "Topór"

* 24.12.1913 Warsaw

† 4.4.1945

 

WASYLUK MARCIN Second-Lieutenant, Reservist a.k.a. "Bielski Marcin"

* 7.10.1902 Mokrany Stare

 

WIELĄDEK WŁADYSŁAW a.k.a. "Stary"

* 3.2.1893

† 16.4.1945

 

WITEŃSKI WŁADYSŁAW Rifleman a.k.a. "Baigieł"

* 19.6.1929 Warsaw

† 15.5.1945

 

WŁODARCZYK JAN

* 26.8.1909 Morsk

† 22.12.1944

 

WOJCIECHOWSKI FRANCISZEK

* 28.9.1891 Warsaw

† 26.4.1945

 

ZIELIŃSKI JERZY Rifleman a.k.a. "Kalina"

Mediathek
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  • Impressions of the memorial site

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  • Impressions of the memorial site

    Impressions of the memorial site

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    Impressions of the memorial site

  • Impressions of the memorial site

    Impressions of the memorial site

  • Impressions of the memorial site

    Impressions of the memorial site

  • Impressions of the memorial site

    Impressions of the memorial site