Kościelski, Józef Teodor Stanisław
Kościelski, Józef Teodor Stanisław (Joseph Theodor Stanislaus von Kosciol-Koscielski, Joseph von Koscielski), 1881-1911 member of the 1st Chamber of the Prussian Landtag, 1884-94 member of the Reichstag of the German Empire. *9.11.1845 Sluzewo/Służewo manor, in the district of Inowrazlaw/Inowrocław, †22.7.1911 Poznan, lord of the manor, poet, dramatist. Son of Count August Kościelski (1818-1879). After attending the Maria-Magdalena grammar school in Poznan, he passed his A-levels in Braunsberg/Braniewo. Between 1867 and 1870 he studied law and fiscal accounting in Berlin and Heidelberg. During his studies he was the chair of the Towarzystwo Naukowe Akademików Polskich w Berlinie/Scientific Society of Polish Academics in Berlin. In 1871 and 72 he travelled in France, the Middle East and Africa, especially for studies in Egyptology. He was the lord of the manor in Scharley/Szarlej and Karczyn in the district of Inowrazlaw, and lived in Karczyn near Lojewo/Łojewo. In 1881 he married Maria Bloch, the daughter of the Warsaw banker, industrialist and railway pioneer, Jan Gotlib Bloch (Johann von Bloch, 1836-1902). In October 1884, in February 1887, in February 1890 and in June 1893 he was elected as a member of the Polish parliamentary group in the German Reichstag for the constituency of Inowrazlaw-Mogilno/Inowrocław-Mogilno with majorities ranging between 70.37% and 77.55%. He was a member of a huge number of select committees. For a time he was the chair of the Polish parliamentary group, and followed a policy of moderate conciliation with Prussia during the era of the Reich Chancellor, Leo von Caprivi (1890-94). With the backing of a part of the parliamentary group he voted for the Navy budget in 1891, the Army budget in 1893 and in favour of trade agreements between 1891 and 1893. For this he was criticised by the majority of the Polish MPs, and resigned his seat on 9th March 1894. Nonetheless he emphasised his Polish attitudes at the Poland Day in Lemberg in 1894. In 1895 he purchased the estate at Miloslaw/Miłosław and turned his attention to cultural and social activities. In 1899, in Poznan, he set up the Towarzystwo Dziennikarzy i Literatów Polskich/ Society for Polish Press and Literature and was a member of the Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk/Poznan Society of Friends of Sciences. He was on the board of a huge number of trade and industry companies, including being the chair of the board of the engineering company H. Cegielski AG/H. Cegielski-Poznań S.A. in Poznan. picture: pre-1911, Public Domain. Own writings: 1. Poetry: Sonety nadgoplańskie, 1868; Poezje, 1883; Preludia zakopiańskie, 1903; Co mi Tatry dały, 1905. 2. Plays: Władysław Biały, książę gniewkowski, 1874; Arria, 1874; W imię krzyża, 1882; Dwie miłości, 1884; Tragedia jakich wiele, 1908; Poznańczanie we Włoszech, 1873; Prelegent, 1882; Dzienniczek Justysi, 1889.
Deutscher Parlaments-Almanach, Ausg. 15, Leipzig 1884, 173; Amtliches Reichstag-Handbuch, 8. Legislaturperiode, Berlin 1895, 202; 9. Legislaturperiode, Berlin 1898, 193; Nachtrag für die 9. Legislaturperiode, Berlin 1896, 18; Reichstagsprotokolle 1867-1895, Register 87, 95, 103, 105, 112, 118, 125, 129, 145, 155; Reichstagsprotokolle 1895-1918, Register 161, 238; A. Kotowski: Zwischen Staatsräson und Vaterlandsliebe, Düsseldorf 2007, 63, 65, 68, 87, 102f., 105, 107-11, 113-16, 119f., 123-125, 127, 129f., 133-136, 194.
http://zhsf.gesis.org, Parlamentarierportal, BIORAB Kaiserreich online
Internetowy Polski Słownik Biograficzny.
Link to the minutes of the Reichstag: