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Forced Labour Camp Memorial Site at Neuaubing

In Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created. Visitors will be able to explore the site with an audio guide for schools even prior to the opening. Tours will be offered for groups by arrangement.
In Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created. Visitors will be able to explore the site with an audio guide for schools even prior to the o
Forced Labour in Munich


Around 13 million foreign labourers were compelled to work for the Nazi regime. In Munich they worked for arms companies such as Krauss-Maffei, BMW and Dornier, but they were also employed by many smaller companies and businesses. The state also used forced labour, to build roads for example.  More than 120,000 “civilian foreign workers” are recorded as working in the city in 1944. In addition, thousands of prisoners of war and concentration camp inmates were forced to work. 

Altogether, 150,000 forced labourers worked in Munich during the war. Most of them were civilians from the Soviet Union (known as Ostarbeiter or Eastern workers), especially from Ukraine. But many also came from Poland. While initially some of them volunteered for work, as the war went on the Germans increasingly brought people from the zones of occupation to Germany by force and on a massive scale.

Without this systematically organised forced labour the Nazi regime would not have been able to wage war for so long. Even today, this mass-scale crime is insufficiently commemorated. Compensation payments were a long time coming and were made only to certain groups.  

 

Conditions at the RAW-Camp Neuaubing


Most of Munich’s forced labourers were housed in collective accommodation at more than 400 sites. Living conditions differed, but almost everywhere the inmates suffered from poor hygiene, harassment, a lack of privacy, hunger and homesickness.

The barracks camp in Ehrenbürgstraße served as accommodation for forced labourers at the RAW Neuaubing from mid-1942 onwards, if not earlier. As far as we know, about 1,000 people were interned there. The majority came from the Soviet Union. Others were from Poland, Italy, the Netherlands, France, Croatia, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia. How they were treated depended on their country of origin. 

Among the “Ostarbeiter” and Poles there were entire families, including children and grandparents. Some of the camp inmates intermarried and had children. But we also know of fourteen deaths, some of them suicides. Dozens fled the camp when it was bombed by the Allies in spring 1945.

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  • In Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created.

    The Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created.
  • An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in this barrack.

    The Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in this barrack.
  • The barrack 5 of formerly altogether eight barracks of the Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.

    The Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    The barrack 5 of formerly altogether eight barracks of the Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.
  • The front door to Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.

    The front door to Barrack 5

    The front door to Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.
  • In the Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing. An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in this barrack.

    In the Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing. An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in this barrack.
  • In the Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing. An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in here.

    In the Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing. An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in here.
  • In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work.
  • In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of Nati...
  • In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of Nati...
  • In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of Nati...
  • In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.
  • In Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created. Even before the opening, the site can be visited and explored with a student audioguide. For groups guided tours are available on request.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing

    In Barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created.
  • In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work.
  • In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing during the renovation work. The study of the original state is part of the project of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of Nati...
  • An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in this barrack.

    In the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    An exhibition documenting the living and working conditions endured by the forced labourers will be housed in this barrack.
  • View out of the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.

    View out of the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    View out of the barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.
  • The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing was handed over to the municipal department of the City of Munich in 2014 to secure the preservation of the monument.

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing was handed over to the municipal department of the City of Munich in 2014 to secure the preservation of the monument.
  • In barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created. Even before the opening, the site can be visited and explored with a student audioguide. For groups guided tours are available on request.

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing

    In barrack 5 of the former Forced Labour Camp Neuaubing, an exhibition of the Munich Documentation Center for the History of National Socialism is to be created. Even before the opening, the site can ...
  • The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.
  • The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing in the side view.

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing in the side view.
  • The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing was handed over to the municipal department of the City of Munich in 2014 to secure the preservation of the monument.

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing was handed over to the municipal department of the City of Munich in 2014 to secure the preservation of the monument.
  • The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    The barrack 5 of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.

    An artist's house in a former barrack

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.

    An artist's house in a former barrack

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.

    Works of art in public on the site of the former Forced Labor Camp

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.
  • On the site you can still find pillboxes.

    A pillbox

    On the site you can still find pillboxes.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use. I

    An artist's house in a former barrack

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use. I
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use. The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own initiative to commemorate the Forced Labor camp.

    Memorial room, which was created by the artists

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use. The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own...
  • The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own initiative to commemorate the Forced Labor Camp.

    Memorial room, which was created by the artists

    The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own initiative to commemorate the Forced Labor Camp.
  • The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own initiative to commemorate the Forced Labor camp.

    Signpost to the memorial room

    The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own initiative to commemorate the Forced Labor camp.
  • The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own initiative to commemorate the Forced Labor Camp.

    The former barracks with the memorial room

    The artists had already created a memorial room in one of the barracks at their own initiative to commemorate the Forced Labor Camp.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.

    One of the baracks of former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.

    Artistically designed shutters at one of the artists' houses

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.

    Socio-cultural mixed use

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use.
  • Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use. I

    Socio-cultural mixed use

    Today, the area of the former Forced Labor Camp Neuaubing is characterized by its existing socio-cultural mixed use. I
  • Site map of the barrack camp of the Reichsbahn in Neuaubing, planning November 1942.

    Site map of the barrack camp of the Reichsbahn in Neuaubing, planning November 1942

    Site map of the barrack camp of the Reichsbahn in Neuaubing, planning November 1942.
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 1 | Einführung

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 1
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 2 | Deportation aus Osteuropa

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 2
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 3 | Zwangsarbeit im Nationalsozialismus

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 3
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 4 | Ankunft im Lager

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 4
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 5 | Zwangsarbeit in München

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 5
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 6 | Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing – Eine Zeitreise

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 6
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 7 | Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing – Der Alltag

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 7
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 8 | Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing – Das Lagerpersonal

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 8
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 9 | Arbeit im Reichbahn-Ausbesserungswerk Neuaubing

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 9
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 10 | Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing – Das Kriegsende

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 10
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 11 | Iwan Hont – Sein Leben nach der Befreiung

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 11
  • Audiodatei

    Audioguide: Teil 12 | Das ehemalige Zwangsarbeiterlager als Erinnerungsort

    Audioguide: Zwangsarbeiterlager Neuaubing | Teil 12