Andrzejewski, Szczepan, Polish painter, member of the “Munich School”. 1912-14: student at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich/Akademie der Bildenden Künste München. *13.1.1892 Łódź, †4.11.1950 Woźniki. On the 7.5.1912 he enrols in the drawing class at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Munich/Königlichen Akademie der Bildenden Künste München, and studies under Karl Raupp (1837-1918). 1914: he returns to Łódź and takes a job as an art teacher in the grammar school. 1923: he sets up his own private art school. 1933: summer painting school in Woźniki. 1939 and 1942: arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned in the police jail in Radogoszcz near Łódź. On the 4.6.1943 he is taken to the Auschwitz concentration camp, where he is forced to work in the laundry. During his free time he draws portraits of his fellow prisoners, landscapes and pictures of life in the camp. On the 26.8.1944 he is moved to the Kaufering VI concentration camp near Türkheim, a outside subsidiary of the Dachau Concentration Camp, where he is put to work in the SS Porcelain Factory Allach, and paints figures and everyday objects in the Nazi style. In October 1945 he returns to Woźniki where he subsequently works on the everyday life of prisoners in the concentration camps. After the Second World War he paints landscapes, village view and peasant portraits in a late-Impressionist style. His works can be found in the Art Museum in Łódź/Muzeum Sztuki w Łodzi, in the Sieradz District Museum/Muzeum Okręgowe w Sieradzu, and in the State Museum at Auschwitz-Birkenau/Państwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau in Oświęcim.


Solo exhibitions: 1930, 1946 Łódź / 1953 Sieradz, Muzeum Okręgowe w Sieradzu

Further Reading: Saur Allgemeines Künstlerlexikon, vol. 3, Munich/Leipzig 1992, p. 711; Halina Stępień/Maria Liczbińska: Artyści polscy w środowisku monachijskim w latach 1828-1914. Materiały źródłowe, Warsaw 1994, p. 26, 28; Kunst in Auschwitz 1940-1945/Sztuka w Auschwitz 1940-1945, Bramsche 2005, p. 351 f.

Online: Matriculation data base, Matriculation book 3, Academy of Fine Arts Munich, 05099 Stefan Andschejewski (sic!),

Exile archive,


Axel Feuß