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Aleksander Gierymski

Witold Pruszkowski (1846-1896): Portrait Aleksander Gierymski, Munich 1889. Oil on canvas, 53 x 41 cm.
Witold Pruszkowski (1846-1896): Portrait Aleksander Gierymski, Munich 1889. Oil on canvas, 53 x 41 cm.

Aleksander Gierymski was born on 30th January 1850 in Warsaw, three years after his brother Maksymilian. Their father Józef Gierymski (1800-1875) worked in the military administrative building and was head of the military hospital in Ujazdów. By contrast with his brother who had previously been involved in technical studies and had taken part in the 1863 January uprising, Aleksander was able to follow his artistic leanings and talents directly. At first, like his brother before him, he took drawing lessons for a few months in 1867 under  Rafał Hadziewicz (1803-1883) in the Warsaw drawing class (Klasa Rysunkowa), that had been set up in 1865 after the School of Fine Arts (Szkoła Sztuk Pięknych) had been closed down on account of its students participation in the 1863 January uprising. In 1868 he followed his brother to Munich. Here he also trod in his footsteps. In order to improve his drawing skills he matriculated at the Academy of Pictorial Arts in the “antique class” given by Alexander Strähuber (1814-1882), after which he studied under the history painter Hermann Anschütz (1802-1880).

By contrast with Maksymilian, who then pursued his studies in battle and equestrian scenes at the private painting school belonging to Franz Adam (1815-1886), Aleksander remained at the Munich Academy. He took courses under the history painter Johann Georg Hiltensperger (1806-1890), who had made a name for himself with frescoes in the Munich Residenz and the Hofgartenarkaden, before moving on in 1870 to the masterclass of Carl von Piloty (1826-1886). Under Piloty, who had been a professor at the Academy since 1856, the art school had become an important centre for realistic history painting. Józef Brandt (1841-1915), the most important Polish painter in Munich, had studied there since 1863. In 1871 Aleksander travelled with his brother to Venice and Rome. In 1872, along with two other highly valued Polish painters, Władisław Czachórsky und Maurycy Gottlieb, he selected a literary theme for his diploma under Piloty: this was a motif from Shakespeare’s “Merchant of Venice”, which won him the prize for the best composition. In the following year he painted the court scene from Shakespeare’s comedy, which he displayed in the German art section at the Vienna World Exhibition in 1873. Alongside his brother Maksymilian five other Polish artists were also represented here.

After Maksymilian fell ill with tuberculosis in 1872 and his stays at health resorts in Merano and Bad Reichenhall had brought no improvement to his health, Aleksander accompanied his brother to Rome in the following year in the hope that the climate there would provide him with a cure. Whereas Maksymilian completed his last painting in Rome in 1874, a Parforce Hunt in 18th-century costumes, Aleksander turned to genre motifs in Roman taverns like Playing Morra (Ill. 2). Seen from an academic point of view they are perfect. They show a balanced selection of colours and a particular interest in the use of light. Nonetheless he was reproved by contemporary Polish critics for choosing such trivial scenes. In summer 1874 Maksymilian (presumably accompanied by his brother), travelled to Munich to consult doctors there, after which he took a cure at Bad Reichenhall, where he died in September. Aleksander returned to Rome where he lived and worked until 1879. During this time, in order to counter the criticism of his “popular” motifs, he painted an Italian Siesta with Roman patricians in Renaissance costumes, inspired by masters of the Italian High Renaissance like Titian und Tintoretto.

Mediathek Sorted

Mediathek
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): In the Artist’s Workshop, Munich 1869/70. Oil on wood, 32 x 24.5 cm.

    Ill. 1: In the Artist’s Workshop, 1869/70

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): In the Artist’s Workshop, Munich 1869/70.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Playing Morra, 1874. Oil on canvas, 80 x 109 cm.

    Ill. 2: Playing Morra, 1874

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Playing Morra, 1874.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Jewish Woman with Oranges, 1880/81. Oil on canvas, 65 x 54 cm.

    Ill. 3: Jewish Woman with Oranges, 1880/81

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Jewish Woman with Oranges, 1880/81.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): In the Gazebo, 1882. Oil on canvas, 137 x 148 cm.

    Ill. 4: In the Gazebo, 1882

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): In the Gazebo, 1882.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Landing Stage at Solec (Sketch), 1883. Oil on canvas, 19 x 27.5 cm.

    Ill. 5: The Landing Stage at Solec (Sketch), 1883

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Landing Stage at Solec (Sketch), 1883.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Doorway in the Old Town, 1883. Oil on canvas, 64 x 49 cm.

    Ill. 6: Doorway in the Old Town, 1883

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Doorway in the Old Town, 1883.
  • Group Portrait with Aleksander Gierymski (right), Stanisław Witkiewicz (left) and Antoni Sygietyński (centre) looking at a painting, 1884. Photographer: Jan Mieczkowski.

    Ill. 7: Group Portrait with Alexander Gierymski, 1884

    Group Portrait with Aleksander Gierymski (right), Stanisław Witkiewicz (left) and Antoni Sygietyński (centre) looking at a painting, 1884.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Trombone Party, 1884. Oil on canvas, 47 x 64.5 cm.

    Ill. 8: Trombone Party I, 1884

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Trombone Party, 1884.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Sand Dredgers, 1887. Oil on canvas, 50 x 66 cm.

    Ill. 9: Sand dredgers, 1887

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Sand Dredgers, 1887.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Max-Joseph Square in Munich by Night, 1890. Oil on canvas, 75.5 x 61 cm.

    Ill. 10: Max-Joseph Square in Munich by Night, 1890

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Max-Joseph Square in Munich by Night, 1890.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Wittelsbacher Square in Munich by Night, 1890. Oil on canvas, 67 x 52 cm.

    Ill. 11: Wittelsbacher Square in Munich by Night, 1890

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Wittelsbacher Square in Munich by Night, 1890.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Angelus, 1890. Oil on canvas, 223 x 168 cm.

    Ill. 12: Angelus, 1890

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Angelus, 1890.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Louvre by Night I, 1891. Oil on canvas, 120.5 x 76.5 cm.

    Ill. 13: The Louvre by Night I, 1891

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Louvre by Night I, 1891.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Paris Opera by Night I, 1891. Oil on canvas, 161 x 129,4 cm.

    Ill. 14: The Paris Opera at Night I, 1891

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Paris Opera by Night I, 1891.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Evening on the Seine, 1893. Oil on canvas, 27,5 x 20,5 cm.

    Ill. 15: Evening on the Seine, 1893

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Evening on the Seine, 1893.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Peasant’s Coffin, 1894. Oil on canvas, 141 x 195 cm.

    Ill. 16: The Peasant’s Coffin, 1894

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Peasant’s Coffin, 1894.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Ludwigs Bridge in Munich, 1896/97. Oil on canvas, 81 x 60 cm.

    Ill. 17: Ludwigs Bridge in Munich, 1896/97

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Ludwigs Bridge in Munich, 1896/97.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Corner of the Plönlein in Rothenburg, 1896/97. Oil on canvas, 80 x 61 cm.

    Ill. 18: The corner of the Plönlein in Rothenburg, 1896/97

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): The Corner of the Plönlein in Rothenburg, 1896/97.
  • Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Insdie the Basilika San Marco in Venice, 1899. Oil on canvas, 110 x 78 cm.

    Ill. 19: Inside the Basilika San Marco in Venice, 1899

    Aleksander Gierymski (1850-1901): Insdie the Basilika San Marco in Venice, 1899.