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Olga Boznańska

Olga Boznańska – Kraków, Munich, Paris
Olga Boznańska (1865-1940) painting at an easel in the studio of her home in ul. Wolska 21 in Kraków, ca. 1920. Paper photo, 12.2 x 16.9 cm, National Museum in Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. Nr. DI 97315/1

Olga Boznańska – Kraków, Munich, Paris

 

Olga Helena Karolina h. Nowina Boznańska was born in Kraków on 15. April 1865. Her mother Eugénie Mondant (1832-1892), was a teacher who came from the French Département of Ardèche; and her father, Adam Gustaw h. Nowina Boznański (1836-1906) was a railway engineer who had trained in Vienna. The family lived in a broad, but not very expensive house that her father had built in the  ul. Wolska 21 in 1870, and in which the painter kept a studio for the rest of her life.[1] Her sister Iza was born in 1868. At the age of six Olga received her first drawing lessons from her mother. In 1878 and 1881 the family visited the World Exhibitions in Paris and Vienna. Starting in 1883 Olga received drawing lessons in her parents’ house, from the painters Józef Wojciech Siedlecki (1841-1915) and Kazimierz Pochwalski (1855-1940). She spent her summer holidays in Zakopane. In the following year she began her art studies at the College of Women’s Courses/Wyższe Kursy dla Kobiet , set up and headed by the social activist, Adrian Baraniecki (1828-1891), because women were not allowed to study at the traditional Kraków School of Fine Arts/Szkoła Sztuk Pięknych. She was hugely impressed by the courses in art history given by the academic, Marian Sokołowski (1839-1911) and the literary critic, art critic and historian, Konstanty Maria Górski (1862-1909). Her painting and drawing teachers were the figure and genre painter, Hipolit Lipiński (1846-1884), and the genre and portrait painter, Antoni Piotrowski (1853-1924), both of whom were representatives of the school of realist, colourful and intricate history painters. As a rule students drew portraits from heads made of plaster-of-Paris, and only occasionally from living models. 40 years later Boznańska condemned all her training as an utter waste of time.[2]

In October 1885 (or 1886) Boznańska moved to Munich to continue her art studies because all her life she felt that Kraków was so sad and fearsome.[3] At the time the capital of the kingdom of Bavaria had been the favourite place of refuge for Polish art students for the past two decades. Above all, after the January uprising in 1863, a huge number of painting students who had taken part in the uprising, went into exile in Munich. One of these was Józef Brandt (1841-1915), who began his studies at the Royal Academy of Pictorial Arts in 1863 and opened his own studio in Munich three years later: this soon attracted so many other Polish students that it became the centre of the Munich “Polish colony”.[4] Thanks to its lively art and gallery scene, the two Pinakotheks, the high quality of the professors teaching at the Academy and the tolerant attitudes of its inhabitants, the Bavarian capital was a highly attractive place for foreign students. Even Jan Matejko (1838-1893), who was derided as a dry conservative director at the Kraków School of Art, had studied in Munich in 1858. Above all in the 60s and 70s a number of Polish painters who soon became well-known and indeed famous, had trained in Munich at the Art Academy and at private painting schools: these included Maksymilian and Aleksander Gierymski, Władysław Czachórski, Adam Chmielowski, Józef Chełmoński, Jan Chełmiński, Wojciech Kossak, Alfred Wierusz-Kowalski and Julian Fałat.

 

[1] The current adress of the unchanged house is ul. Piłsudskiego 21, cf.  http://krakow-przewodnik.com.pl/uliczkami-i-placami/ulica-pilsudskiego/, Dom no. 21. Boznańska’s studio in the attic can still be recognised.

[2] Urszula Kozakowska-Zaucha: Great, Truly Great Artist. The Krakw of Olga Boznańska, in: Exhibition cat. Olga Boznańska, Krakòw 2014, page 26

[3] ibid. page 28

[4] “Die Polenkolonie: Brandt, Gierymski, Chelminski, Kowalski, Kozakiewicz“, in: Adolf Rosenberg: Die Münchner Malerschule in ihrer Entwicklung seit 1871, Leipzig 1887, page 47

 

Mediathek Sorted

Mediathek
  •  Girl in a Hat with a Feather, 1887

    Ill. 1: Girl in a Hat with a Feather, 1887

    Study of a Girl in a Hat with a Feather, München 1887. Oil on canvas on paperboard, 58 x 44 cm
  • Monk with Wine, 1887

    Ill. 2: Monk with Wine, 1887

    Monk with Wine, München 1887. Oil on canvas, 81.5 x 65,2 cm, signed top right: Boznańska Munich 87
  • Young Woman with a Red Parasol, 1888

    Ill. 3: Young Woman with a Red Parasol, 1888

    Portrait of a Young Woman with a Red Parasol, 1888, Oil on canvas, 88 x 60 cm
  • Gypsy Woman, 1888

    Ill. 4: Gypsy Woman, 1888

    Portrait of a Woman (Gypsy Woman), 1888. Oil on canvas, 65 x 53 cm
  • Florists, 1889

    Ill. 5: Florists, 1889

    Florists, 1889. Oil on canvas, 65 x 86 cm
  • Japanese Woman, 1889

    Ill. 6: Japanese Woman, 1889

    Japanese Woman, 1889. Oil on wood, 37 x 21 cm
  • From a Walk, 1889

    Ill. 7: From a Walk, 1889

    From a Walk (Lady in a White Dress), 1889. Oil on canvas, 161.5 x 100 cm
  • Portrait of Zofia Federowicz, 1890

    Ill. 8: Portrait of Zofia Federowicz, 1890

    Portrait of Zofia Federowicz, 1890. Oil on canvas, 150 x 100 cm
  • Breton Woman II, 1890

    Ill. 9: Breton Woman II, 1890

    Breton Woman, version II, 1890. Oil on canvas 53 x 42 cm
  • In the Orangery, 1890

    Ill. 10: In the Orangery, 1890

    In the Orangery, 1890. Oil on canvas, 235 x 180 cm
  • On Good Friday, 1890

    Ill. 11: On Good Friday, 1890

    On Good Friday, 1890. Oil on canvas, 240 x 158 cm
  • Girl with a Vegetable Basket, 1891

    Ill. 12: Girl with a Vegetable Basket, 1891

    Girl with a Vegetable Basket in the Garden, 1891. Oil on canvas, 125 x 85 cm
  • Boy in School Uniform, ca. 1890

    Ill. 13: Boy in School Uniform, ca. 1890

    Portrait of a Boy in School Uniform, ca. 1890. Oil on canvas, 180 x 100 cm
  • Portrait of a Woman, 1891

    Ill. 14: Portrait of a Woman, 1891

    Portrait of a Woman, 1891. Oil on canvas, 122 x 80 cm
  • Woman with a Japanese Parasol, 1892

    Ill. 15: Woman with a Japanese Parasol, 1892

    Portrait of a Woman with a Japanese Parasol, 1892. Oil on canvas, 65 x 52 cm
  • Olga Boznańska, 1893

    Ill. 16: Olga Boznańska, 1893

    Kasper Żelechowski (1863-1942): Portrait of Olga Boznańska with a Japanese Parasol, Krakòw 1893, photograph on albumen print, 18,4 x 11,5 cm
  • In the Studio, ca. 1894

    Ill. 17: In the Studio, ca. 1894

    In the Studio, ca. 1894. Oil on paperboard, 49 x 75 cm
  • Portrait of Paul Nauen, 1893

    Ill. 18: Portrait of Paul Nauen, 1893

    Portrait of Paul Nauen, 1893. Oil on canvas, 121 x 91 cm
  • Self Portrait, 1893

    Ill. 19: Self Portrait, 1893

    Self portrait, 1893. Oil on canvas, 70 x 57 cm
  • Self Portrait, 1896

    Ill. 20: Self Portrait, 1896

    Self portrait, 1896. Oil on paperboard, 55.2 x 42.5 cm
  • Self Portrait, ca. 1897

    Ill. 21: Self Portrait, ca. 1897

    Self portrait, ca. 1897. Pastel on paper, 102 x 65 cm
  • Woman with a Girl, ca. 1893

    Ill. 22: Woman with a Girl, ca. 1893

    Study of a Woman with a Girl, ca. 1893. Oil on paperboard, 56.5 x 43 cm
  • Girl with Chrysanthemums, 1894

    Ill. 23: Girl with Chrysanthemums, 1894

    Girl with Chrysanthemums, 1894. Oil on paperboard, 88.5 x 69 cm
  • Woman in a White Blouse, 1894

    Ill. 24: Woman in a White Blouse, 1894

    Portrait of a Woman in a White Blouse, 1894. Oil on paperboard, 67 x 48 cm
  • Girl in the Garden, 1896

    Ill. 25: Girl in the Garden, 1896

    Portrait of a Woman in a White Blouse, 1894. Oil on paperboard, 67 x 48 cm
  • Two Children on the Stairs, ca. 1898

    Ill. 26: Two Children on the Stairs, ca. 1898

    Two Children on the Stairs, ca. 1898. Oil on paperboard, 102 x 75 cm
  • Studio in Munich, 1896/98

    Ill. 27: Studio in Munich, 1896/98

    Olga Boznańska in her Studio in Georgenstraße, Munich, 1896/98. Paper photo, 12.5 x 9.4 cm
  • Portrait of Anna Saryusz Zaleska, 1899

    Ill. 28: Portrait of Anna Saryusz Zaleska, 1899

    Portrait of the painter Anna Saryusz Zaleska, 1899. Oil on paperboard, 68 x 64 cm
  • Portrait of Antoni Kamieński, 1899

    Ill. 29: Portrait of Antoni Kamieński, 1899

    Portrait of the painter Antoni Kamieński, 1899. Oil on paperboard, 95 x 49.5 cm
  • Portrait of a Woman in a Blue Blouse, 1899

    Ill. 30: Portrait of a Woman in a Blue Blouse, 1899

    Portrait of a Woman in a Blue Blouse, 1899. Oil on cardboard auf paperboard, 69 x 43 cm
  • Grandmother’s Name Day, ca. 1900

    Ill. 31: Grandmother’s Name Day, ca. 1900

    Grandmother’s Name Day, ca. 1900. Oil on canvas, 79 x 60 cm
  • Two Girls, 1906

    Ill. 32: Two Girls, 1906.

    Portrait of Two Girls, Helena und Władysława Chmielarczyk, 1906. Oil on cardboard, 95 x 67 cm
  • Portrait of Franciszek Mączyński, 1902

    Ill. 33: Portrait of Franciszek Mączyński, 1902

    Portrait of the Architect Franciszek Mączyński Franciszek Mączyński, 1902. Oil on paperboard, 72 x 68.5 cm
  • Portrait of Maria Koźniewska-Kalinowska, 1903

    Ill. 34: Portrait of Maria Koźniewska-Kalinowska, 1903

    Portrait of the Painter Maria Koźniewska-Kalinowska, 1903. Oil on canvas, 73 x 53.5 cm
  • Portrait of August Radwan, 1904/05

    Ill. 35: Portrait of August Radwan, 1904/05

    Portrait of the Pianist August Radwan, 1904/05. Oil and tempera on canvas on paperboard, 75 x 80.3 cm
  • Portrait of Zofia Kirkor-Kiedroń, 1903-05

    Ill. 36: Portrait of Zofia Kirkor-Kiedroń, 1903-05

    Portrait of Zofia Kirkor-Kiedroń (née Grabska), 1903-05. Oil on paperboard, 99 x 68 cm
  • Portrait of Ludwig Puget, 1907

    Ill. 37: Portrait of Ludwig Puget, 1907

    Portrait of Ludwig Puget, 1907. Oil on canvas, 47 x 38 cm
  • Portrait of Jadwiga Papara, 1907

    Ill. 38: Portrait of Jadwiga Papara, 1907

    Portrait of Miss Jadwiga Papara from Lviv, 1907. Oil on paperboard, 117 x 91 cm
  • Lady in a Red Hat, post 1900

    Ill. 39: Lady in a Red Hat, post 1900

    Portrait of a Lady in a Red Hat, post 1900. Pastel, 75 x 56.5 cm
  • Young Man in Black, ca. 1900

    Ill. 40: Young Man in Black, ca. 1900

    Portrait of a Young Man in Black, ca. 1900. Oil on paperboard, 92 x 46.5 cm
  • Woman in a Brown Dress, ca. 1906

    Ill. 41: Woman in a Brown Dress, ca. 1906

    Portrait of a Woman in a Brown Dress, ca. 1906. Oil on paperboard, 98.5 x 74.5 cm
  • Bronze Bust, 1902

    Ill. 42: Bronze Bust, 1902

    Bolesław Biegas (1877-1954): Bust of Olga Boznańska, 1902. Bronze, 52 x 27 x 18 cm
  • In the Studio in Krakòw, 1906

    Ill. 43: In the Studio in Kraków, 1906

    Interior of the Artist’s Studio in Kraków, 1906. Oil on paperboard, 50.5 x 73 cm
  • Self Portrait, ca. 1906

    Ill. 44: Self Portrait, ca. 1906

    Self Portrait, ca. 1906. Pastel, gouache, chalk on cardboard, 74 x 43.5 cm
  • Place des Ternes in Paris, ca. 1907

    Ill. 45: Place des Ternes in Paris, ca. 1907

    Place des Ternes in Paris, ca. 1907. Oil on paperboard, 14 x 24 cm
  • In the Studio, 1913

    Ill. 46: In the Studio, 1913

    In the Studio, 1913. Oil on paperboard, 68 x 44 cm
  • View from the Kraków Studio, ca. 1914

    Ill. 47: View from the Krakòw Studio, ca. 1914

    View from the Krakòw Studio, ca. 1914. Oil on paperboard, 50 x 39 cm
  • Self Portrait, post 1913

    Ill. 48: Self Portrait, post 1913

    Self Portrait, post 1913. Oil on paperboard, 55.2 x 46 cm
  • Olga Boznańska, ca. 1913

    Ill. 49: Olga Boznańska, ca. 1913

    Olga Boznańska on the Sofa with a Cigarette in the Studio in her House in ul. Wolska 21 in Kraków, ca. 1913. Photograph, 16.9 x 12.2 cm
  • Still Life, 1918

    Ill. 50: Still Life, 1918

    Still Life, 1918. Oil on paperboard, 38.5 x 57.5 cm
  • Poppies, post 1920

    Ill. 51: Poppies, post 1920

    Poppies, post 1920. Oil on paperboard, 46 x 38 cm
  • Red Flowers, 1925-30

    Ill. 52: Red Flowers, 1925-30

    Red Flowers, 1925-30. Oil on cardboard, 35 x 25.5 cm
  • Flowers, ca. 1930

    Ill. 53: Flowers, ca. 1930

    Flowers, ca. 1930. Oil on wood, 29.5 x 41 cm
  • Portrait of a Lady, ca. 1922

    Ill. 54: Portrait of a Lady, ca. 1922

    Portrait of a Lady with a Threefold Pearl Necklace, ca. 1922. Oil on paperboard, 80 x 65 cm
  • Portrait of Mrs Drzewiecka, post 1925

    Ill. 55: Portrait of Mrs Drzewiecka, post 1925

    Portrait of Mrs Drzewiecka, post 1925. Oil on cardboard, 50 x 35 cm
  • Portrait of Miss Ellen, post 1925

    Ill. 56: Portrait of Miss Ellen, post 1925

    Portrait of Miss Ellen, post 1925. Oil on cardboard, 79 x 51.5 cm
  • Portrait of Dr. Melania Lipińska, ca. 1926

    Ill. 57: Portrait of Dr. Melania Lipińska, ca. 1926

    Portrait of Dr. Melania Lipińska, ca. 1926. Oil on paperboard, 62.5 x 41.5 cm
  • Portrait of Miss Syrewicz, 1926

    Ill. 58: Portrait of Miss Syrewicz, 1926

    Portrait of Miss Syrewicz, 1926. Oil on cardboard, 55 x 33.5 cm
  • Portrait of Julia Rylska, ca. 1930

    Ill. 59: Portrait of Julia Rylska, ca. 1930

    Portrait of the writer and translator Julia Rylska, ca. 1930. Oil on cardboard, 69.5 x 48.5 cm
  • Portrait of Maria Pfitzner, ca. 1930

    Ill. 60: Portrait of Maria Pfitzner, ca. 1930

    Portrait of Maria Pfitzner, ca. 1930. Oil on paperboard, 75 x 46 cm
  • Portrait of Zofia Kulaszyńska, 1930

    Ill. 61: Portrait of Zofia Kulaszyńska, 1930

    Portrait of Zofia Kulaszyńska, 1930. Oil on cardboard, 47 x 35 cm