Józef Brandt

Bolesław Szańkowski (1871/73-1953): Portrait of Józef Brandt, 1910.
Bolesław Szańkowski (1871/73-1953): Portrait of Józef Brandt, 1910. Oil on canvas, 162 x 112 cm, National Museum in Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 961

Józef Brandt – A Polish painter prince in Munich

 

In earlier centuries, the studios of artists were a one-to-one reflection of their social status. Anyone who who was still young or artistically and financially unsuccessful, like Marcello and Rodolfo in Giacomo Puccini's opera "La Bohème", had to settle for a freezing attic above the city roofs. Artists who had no heating had to be prepared for the worst, in this case according to the outline of the opera (which takes place around the year 1830 and premiered in 1896), with the death from consumption of their great love, Mimi. For successful artists, however, their studio was not only their daily workplace, but also the place where they received students, fellow artists, collectors, high-ranking personalities and travellers from all over the world. One famous example is the studio of the Viennese history painter Hans Makart (1840-1884), who after his return from Rome in 1872 set up a new painting studio in Vienna and furnished it lavishly with heavy wall hangings, tall, elaborately carved furniture, carpets, brass objects, antiques, weapons and huge bouquets of dried flowers and palm fronds. Here he welcomed the Austrian Empress Elisabeth, threw parties and greeted groups of tourists during the afternoon.

It is therefore no coincidence that three years later a Polish painter in Munich, Józef Brandt (fig. 1), who called himself Josef (occasionally Joseph), von Brandt on account of his Polish aristocratic background, set up a very similar studio after working for twelve years on dramatic equestrian, battle and Cossack paintings, and achieved a prestigious social position in the capital of the Kingdom of Bavaria. He and Makart were almost the same age and studied under the same professor: Makart was born in Salzburg in 1840 and, after initial semesters at the Vienna Academy of Fine Arts, moved to the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich in 1860 to join the history painter Carl Theodor von Piloty (1826-1886). Brandt was born in 1841 and enrolled in the Munich Academy in 1863 after studying engineering in Paris. Somewhat later he studied under Piloty, but mostly in Franz Adam's private studios (1815-1886) and in Theodor Horschelt's (1829-1871) watercolour painting courses.

Brandt's studio also became a public attraction. In the years before, he had collected props and antiques needed as models for his paintings, on journeys through Poland and the Ukraine. He acquired them from other artists or impoverished aristocratic families and occasionally paid for them with paintings.[1] This resulted in an extensive collection of Turkish tents, Persian carpets, antique curtains and fabrics, oriental seating and tables, Renaissance and Baroque furniture, weapons used by Polish hussars, sabres, pistols, horse saddles and harnesses, pieces of armour, helmets and shields as well as musical instruments and costumes with their corresponding figures. In 1874/75 he moved into a spacious studio at Schwanthalerstraße 19 in the Ludwigsvorstadt,[2] a suburb not far from Karlsplatz and the old part of Munich, which he decorated with these artefacts, used them as models for his painting and stored them there. The space was originally a five-room apartment on the third floor of a newly built apartment building, which he rebuilt and in which he was to work for the next forty years.

 

[1] Agnieszka Bagińska: „Atelje jako rzecz malarska“. Pracownia Józefa Brandta przy Schwanthalerstraße 19 w Monachium/“The Studio as a painting subject matter“. Józef Brandt’s studio at 19 Schwanthalerstraße in Munich, in the Orońsko exhibition catalogue 2015 (see further reading), page 41

[2] First recorded in Adressbuch von München für das Jahr 1875, Seite 126, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Digitalisat:  http://opacplus.bsb-muenchen.de/title/4273833/ft/bsb11313519?page=5 (called up on 1.11.2017) 

Mediathek
  • Art review. The Battle of Vienna 1683.

    Art review. The Battle of Vienna 1683. Oil painting by Joseph Brandt in Munich, in: Deutsche Kunst-Zeitung Die Dioskuren, Year 18, No. 10, Berlin 1873, page 78
  • Józef Brandt, ca. 1875

    Fig. 1: Józef Brandt, ca. 1875

    Unknown: Portrait of Józef Brandt, ca. 1875: Photograph on albumin paper, 9.9 x 6.2 cm, National Library Warsaw/Biblioteka Narodowa w Warszawie, Inv. No. F646
  •  Józef Brandt in his studio, 1875/76

    Fig. 2: Józef Brandt in his studio, 1875/76

    Władysław Szerner (1836-1915): Jósef Brandt in his studio, 1875/76. Wood engraving by Jan Styfi (1841-1921), in: Kłosy, 1876, volume XXII, No. 574, page 405
  • The studio of Józef Brandt, 1875/76

    Fig. 3: The studio of Józef Brandt, 1875/76

    Władysław Szerner (1836-1915): The studio of Józef Brandt in Munich, 1875/76. Wood engraving by Paweł Boczkowski (1860-1905), in: Tygodnik Illustrowany, 1876, volume II, No. 52, page 416 f. (excerpt)
  • The studio of Josef v. Brandt, 1889

    Fig. 4: The studio of Josef v. Brandt, 1889

    Carl Teufel (1845-1912): The studio of J. v. Brandt, in: Carl Teufel: Ateliers Münchner Künstler, volume 1, Munich 1889, uncounted plate 9
  • The studio of Josef v. Brandt, 1889

    Fig. 5: The studio of Josef v. Brandt, 1889

    Carl Teufel (1845-1912): The studio of Josef von Brandt, 1889. Photograph, Glass negative, 18 x 24 cm, Bildarchiv Foto Marburg, Aufnahme-No.: 121.569, Konvolut: Dr. Benno Filser Verlag
  • The March of the Lisowskis, 1863

    Fig. 6: The March of the Lisowskis, 1863

    The March of the Lisowskis, 1863. Oil on canvas, 44.5 x 69 cm, in auction trading (Agra Art, 2000)
  • Jews leading Horses, 1865

    Fig. 7: Jews leading Horses, 1865

    Jews leading Horses to the Market, ca.1865. Oil on wood, 21 x 43.3 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 5548
  • Polish Peasants' Horse and Cart, 1865

    Fig. 8: Polish Peasants' Horse and Cart, 1865

    Polish Peasants' Horse and Cart, 1865. Oil on canvas, 31 x 44 cm. The art possessions of the city of Munich
  • The Battle of Chocim, 1867

    Fig. 9: The Battle of Chocim, 1867

    The Battle of Chocim (1621), 1867. Oil on canvas, 190 x 337 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 5056
  • Grazing Horses, 1869

    Fig. 10: Grazing Horses, 1869

    Grazing Horses, 1869. Oil on canvas, 23,2 x 42,6 cm, Museum Biberach, Braith-Mali-Museum, Biberach an der Riß, Inv. No. 11265
  • Return from Vienna, 1869

    Fig. 11: Return from Vienna, 1869

    Return from Vienna – Baggage Train, 1869. Oil on canvas, 43,5 x 79,5 cm, Kunstmuseum Łódź/Muzeum Sztuki w Łodzi, Inv. No. MS/SP/M/206
  • A Break, circa 1870

    Fig. 12: A Break, circa 1870

    A Break in a Small Town, circa 1870. Oil on canvas, 71,5 x 107 cm, Private ownership (from the auction trade)
  • At the Tavern, undated

    Fig. 13: At the Tavern, undated

    At the Tavern. A Polish Village with Ulans, undated. Oil on wood, 13.5 x 18.4 cm, Museum Biberach, Braith-Mali-Museum, Biberach an der Riß, Inv. No. 1989/11264
  • Czarniecki near Kolding, 1870

    Fig. 14: Czarniecki near Kolding, 1870

    Czarniecki in the Battle of Kolding (1658), 1870. Oil on canvas, 95 x 206 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 410
  • Waiting for the Boat, 1871

    Fig. 15: Waiting for the Boat, 1871

    Waiting for the Boat, 1871. Oil on canvas, 67,5 x 127 cm, privately owned (from auction trading)
  • Cossacks at the Camp Fire, 1873

    Fig. 16: Cossacks at the Camp Fire, 1873

    Cossacks at the Camp Fire, 1873. Oil on canvas, 43 x 82 cm, privately owned
  • The Battle of Vienna, 1873

    Fig. 17: The Battle of Vienna, 1873

    The Battle of Vienna, 1873. Oil on canvas, 136 x 318 cm, Museum of the Polish Army, Warsaw/Muzeum Wojska Polskiego w Warszawie, Inv. No. MWP 655
  • Booty at the River, 1874

    Fig. 18: Booty at the River, 1874

    Booty at the River, 1874. Oil on canvas, 69 x 160 cm, Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden, Galerie Neue Meister, Inv. No. G 2401
  • On the Steppe, 1874

    Fig. 19: On the Steppe, 1874

    Welcome to the Steppe, 1874. Oil on canvas, 87.5 x 170 cm, privately owned
  • A Break in the Steppe, undated

    Fig. 20: A Break in the Steppe, undated

    A Break in the Steppe, undated. Oil on canvas, 30.5 x 38 cm, Polenmuseum Rapperswil, Inv. No. 119
  • Cossacks, 1874

    Fig. 21: Cossacks, 1874

    Cossacks, 1874. Oil on canvas, 33.4 x 46.6 cm, Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus und Kunstbau Munich
  • Horse Breeding, 1876

    Fig. 22: Horse Breeding, 1876

    Horse Breeding in the Steppe, 1876. Oil on canvas, 61.5 x 112.5 cm, Polenmuseum Rapperswil, Inv. No. Dep. 89
  • Polish Horseman, 1877

    Fig. 23: Polish Horseman, 1877

    Polish Horseman with his Horse in front of the Toll House, 1877. Water colour and opaque colouring on paper, 24.5 x 32.5 cm, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett, Inv. No. SZ Jv.Brandt 2
  • Cossack Guard, 1878

    Fig. 24: Cossack Guard, 1878

    Cossack Guard, 1878. Oil on canvas, 25.2 x 33 cm, Museum Biberach, Braith-Mali-Museum, Biberach an der Riß, Inv. No. 1989/11266
  • The Liberation of Prisoners, 1878

    Fig. 25: The Liberation of Prisoners, 1878

    The Liberation of Prisoners [from the hands of Tatars], 1878. Oil on canvas, 179 x 445 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie
  • Alarm, circa 1880

    Fig. 26: Alarm, circa 1880

    1880 Alarm, circa 1880. Oil on canvas, 97.5 x 150 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 971
  • Militia at the Ford, circa 1880

    Fig. 27: Militia at the Ford, circa 1880

    Militia at the Ford, circa 1880. Oil on canvas, 74 x 119.5 cm, privately owned (from auction trading)
  • Catching a Horse, circa 1880

    Fig. 28: Catching a Horse, circa 1880

    Catching a Horse, circa 1880. Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 73.5 cm. Nationale Kunstgalerie, Lviv
  • Zaporozhian Camp, circa 1880

    Fig. 29: Zaporozhian Camp, circa 1880

    Zaporozhian Camp or The Camp of the Tatars, circa 1880. Oil on canvas, 72,5 x 113 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 670
  • Zaporozhian Cossack, undated

    Fig. 30: Zaporozhian Cossack, undated

    Zaporozhian Cossack, undated. Oil on canvas, mounted on cardboard, 74.9 x 123.1 cm, for auction (Sotheby’s)
  • March with War Booty, circa 1880

    Fig. 31: March with War Booty, circa 1880

    March with War Booty. Return from Vienna, circa 1880, Oil on canvas, 72 x 112 cm, privately owned
  • Cavalry Parade, circa 1880

    Fig. 32: Cavalry Parade, circa 1880

    Polish Cavalry Parade (Hussars), circa 1880. Oil on canvas, 86.5 x 62.8 cm, Polenmuseum Rapperswil, Inv. No. MPR 116
  • Sketch of Cossacks, circa 1880

    Fig. 33: Sketch of Cossacks, circa 1880

    Sketch of Cossacks, circa 1880. Oil on canvas, 61,5 x 48,5 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 1925
  • A Cossack waiting for the Boat, 1881

    Fig. 34: A Cossack waiting for the Boat, 1881

    A Cossack waiting for the Boat, 1881 or earlier. Oil on canvas, 26 x 37,5 cm, privately owned (from auction trading)
  • Setting out for the Hunt, 1883

    Fig. 35: Setting out for the Hunt, 1883

    Setting out for the Hunt, 1883. Oil on canvas, 69 x 194,5 cm, Museum of Fine Arts, Leipzig, Inv. No. G 537
  • Market in Białka, circa 1885

    Fig. 36: Market in Białka, circa 1885

    Market in Białka, circa 1885. Oil on canvas, 62 x 101 cm, Private collection
  • Confrontation on the Bridge, ca. 1886

    Fig. 37: Confrontation on the Bridge, ca. 1886

    Confrontation on the Bridge, ca. 1886. Oil on canvas, 100 x 200 cm, National Museum Krakow, Inv. No. MNK II-a-147
  • Polish Farming Cart, undated

    Fig. 38: Polish Farming Cart, undated

    Polish Farming Cart on a Country Road, undated. Water colour and opaque colouring on paper, 20.3 x 41.6 cm, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett, Inv. No. SZ G. Brandt 3
  • Preparing for the Hunt, 1886

    Fig. 39: Preparing for the Hunt, 1886

    Preparing for the Hunt, 1886. Oil on canvas, 88 x 165 cm, privately owned
  • Painter's Palette, 1887

    Fig. 40: Painter's Palette, 1887

    Palette of Polish Artists in Munich, 1887. By Józef Brandt bottom right: Cossack resting with his Horse, in: Die Kunst für alle. Malerei, Plastik, Graphik, Architektur, vol. 3, Munich 1887/88, after p...
  • Ensign, 1889

    Fig. 41: Ensign, 1889

    Royal Ensign, 1889. Oil on canvas, 83 x 63 cm, privately owned (from auction trading)
  • In Flight, ca. 1890

    Fig. 42: In Flight, ca. 1890

    In Flight, ca. 1890. Oil on canvas, 61 x 100.5 cm, for auction (Agra Art, 2012)
  • Confrontation on the Dyke, ca. 1890

    Fig. 43: Confrontation on the Dyke, ca. 1890

    Confrontation on the Dyke, ca. 1890. Oil on canvas, 70 x 110 cm, for auction (Agra Art, 2012)
  • Our Dear Lady, ca. 1890

    Fig. 44: Our Dear Lady, ca. 1890

    Our Dear Lady of Poczajów (Praying in the Steppe; the Armenian Mother of God), ca. 1890. Oil on canvas, 151 x 303 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 970
  • Sketch for Our Dear Lady, 1890

    Fig. 45: Sketch for Our Dear Lady, 1890

    Sketch for Our Dear Lady of Poczajów, circa 1890. Oil on canvas, 65 x 120 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 411
  • Cossack Wedding, 1893

    Fig. 46: Cossack Wedding, 1893

    Cossack Wedding, 1893. Oil on canvas, 243 x 156.5 cm, Upper Silesian Museum, Bytom/Muzeum Górnośląskie w Bytomiu, Inv. No. MGB/Sz 916
  • Victorious Cossacks, 1893

    Fig. 47: Victorious Cossacks, 1893

    Victorious Cossacks (Victorious Return), 1893. Oil on canvas, 155.5 x 98.4 cm, for auction (Sotheby’s, 2008)
  • The Capture, undated

    Fig. 48: The Capture, undated

    The Capture of a Caucasian Leader, undated. Oil on canvas, 70 x 110.5 cm, for auction (Sotheby’s)
  • After the Victory, 1893

    Fig. 49: After the Victory, 1893

    After the Victory, 1893. Oil on canvas, 60.5 x 121.5 cm, for auction (Agra Art, 2016)
  • The Departure from Wilanów, 1897

    Fig. 50: The Departure from Wilanów, 1897

    The Departure of Johann III. and Marysieńka Sobieska from Wilanów, 1897. Oil on canvas, 186 x 343 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 4374
  • Queen Marysieńka, ca. 1897

    Fig. 51: Queen Marysieńka, ca. 1897

    Queen Marysieńka leaving Wilanów, circa 1897. Oil on canvas, 200 x 400 cm, National Museum Kielce/Muzeum Narodowe w Kielcach, Inv. No. MNKi/M/374
  • Preparatory study for Queen Marysieńka, 1897

    Fig. 52: Preparatory study for Queen Marysieńka, 1897

    Preparatory study for the departure of Queen Marysieńka from Wilanów, circa 1897. Oil on wood, 34 x 65.6 cm, Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus und Kunstbau Munich, Inv. No. G10546
  • Attack, ca. 1898

    Fig. 53: Attack, ca. 1898

    Cavalry Attack. Polish Hussars on the Attack, circa 1898. Oil on canvas, 54.7 x 99.5 cm, for auction (Agra Art, 2017)
  • In the Yard, ca. 1900

    Fig. 54: In the Yard, ca. 1900

    In the Yard, ca. 1900. Oil on canvas, 80 x 120,5 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. MP 4880
  • Horse and Cart trying to escape, ca. 1900

    Fig. 55: Horse and Cart trying to escape, ca. 1900

    Horse and Cart trying to escape, ca. 1900. Oil on canvas, 60,5 x 100,5 cm, for auction (Agra Art, 2008)
  • The Hunt, ca. 1900

    Fig. 56: The Hunt, ca. 1900

    The Hunt, ca. 1900, Oil on canvas, 101 x 62 cm, Polenmuseum Rapperswil, Inv. No. MPR 117
  • Cossack Horseman, ca. 1900

    Fig. 57: Cossack Horseman, ca. 1900

    Cossack Horseman, circa 1900. Water colour with opaque colours on paper, 27 x 39.3 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. Rys.Pol.11661
  • Cossack guard, undated

    Fig. 58: Cossack guard, undated

    Cossack Guard, undated. Oil on canvas, 26 x 37,5 cm, on auction (Sotheby’s, 2012)
  • Testing a Horse, ca. 1900

    Fig. 59: Testing a Horse, ca. 1900

    Testing a Horse, ca. 1900. Oil on canvas, 57,5 x 38 cm, privately owned (from auction trading)
  • Tatar riding through a River, undated

    Fig. 60: Tatar riding through a River, undated

    Tatar riding through a River, undated. Quill, washed, 23.4 x 29 cm, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett, Inv. No. SZ Jv.Brandt 1
  • Czarniecki on Horseback, ca. 1900

    Fig. 61: Czarniecki on Horseback, ca. 1900

    Stefan Czarniecki on Horseback, circa 1900. Oil on canvas, 55 x 45 cm, for auction (Agra Art, 2013)
  • Forage Gatherer, ca. 1905

    Fig. 62: Forage Gatherer, ca. 1905

    Forage Gatherer, ca. 1905. Oil on canvas, 92 x 66 cm, on auction (Agra Art, 2014)
  • Trumpeter, ca. 1905

    Fig. 63: Trumpeter, ca. 1905

    Trumpeter, circa 1905. Oil on canvas, 45.5 x 60.5 cm, on auction (Agra Art; Lichfield County Auctions, 2014)
  • Józef Brandt, ca. 1905

    Fig. 64: Józef Brandt, ca. 1905

    Jadwiga Golcz (1866-1936): Portrait of the painter Józef Brandt, circa 1905. Photograph from a glass negative, 14.3 x 10.4 cm, National Museum Warsaw/Muzeum Narodowe w Warszawie, Inv. No. DI 91193/1