The Bochum Art Museum – the Collection of Polish Art

Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Kraków - 2000 Warsaw)
Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Kraków - 2000 Warsaw): Multiplied Space IX, 1981. Serigraphy, Collage, 60.8 x 49.7 cm (41.6 x 41.1 cm)

The first comprehensive exhibition of Polish art (“Polish Art Today” was the fourth exhibition in a range entitled “Profile”, and took place at the turn of 1964/65. The works were selected by two important Polish art historians Ryszard Stanisławski and Mieczysław Porębski, and placed in independent sections. Following the exhibition several works were then bought for the museum collection. These included important (and partly early) works by Jerzy Bereś, Kiejstut Bereźnicki, Aleksander Kobzdej, Jan Lebenstein, Zbigniew Makowski and Jan Tarasin. Solo exhibitions by Bereś (1971), Władysław Hasior (1971) and Stanisław Fijałkowski (1977) were to follow, after each of which works were also purchased by the museum. Important works by Tadeusz Kantor arrived in Bochum in 1976 following a solo exhibition given by the artist in Nuremberg. These artists were mostly representated in other exhibitions of Polish contemporary art shown in German and Polish museums in the 1960s and 70s.

In 1980 the Bochum Art Museum used the occasion of the “Second World Congress on Soviet and Eastern Europe Studies” to publish a catalogue of 20th century Eastern European art contained in public collections in West Germany. The catalogue covered museums in 48 towns and cities including West Berlin, and comprised works by artists from Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. It showed that, after 20 years of collecting activities, the Bochum Art Museum contained around 200 catalogue numbers, the second most comprehensive collection of Eastern European art following that in the Folkwang Museum in Essen. At this point in time around 30 of the 200 works came from Poland. In the same year the Bochum Art Museum purchased five works by Władysław Strzemiński following an exhibition in a Cologne Gallery. In 1986 it bought two bronze busts by Adam Myjak from his Warsaw studio, and three years later it devoted a huge solo exhibition to his works.

When the Iron Curtain came down in 1989 the “mediation work” between East and West undertaken by the Bochum Museum took a different turn. Its collecting and exhibition activities with regard to Polish art now became a part of a general international orientation. In 1994 it presented an international exhibition of still-life photography containing an important work by the Warsaw artist Zofia Kulik: this was subsequently purchased when the exhibition closed. In 2005 the museum devoted a major solo exhibition to her work – two years before she participated in the Documenta 12 in Kassel. In 1998 the Culture Secretariat of North Rhine Westphalia organised a “Transfer” exhibition of young Polish and German artists after which a photo and video installation by the Kraków artist Marta Deskur remained in the Bochum Art Museum. In 2007 the museum presented works by the artist Danuta Karsten – she originally came from the vicinity of Danzig, had studied at the art academies in Danzig and Düsseldorf and now lives in Recklinghausen – thereby extending its collecting and exhibition activities to a new generation of Polish artists, most of whom can now freely choose where they wish to live and work in Europe.

The documentation shown here describes 20 works by 18 selected Polish artists in the collection of the Bochum Art Museum. These works represent the highlights of its 55 years of collecting activities, and are simultaneously linked to group and solo exhibitions of Polish art during the past decades in Bochum. All the selected artists are numbered amongst the protagonists of Polish art in the 20th century. Very many of their works can be seen in Polish and international museums and all of them can boast of an outstanding number of older and recent exhibition catalogues and monographs as well as being honoured by art scholars on Polish websites with detailed texts in English and Polish, not forgetting their references in the German language “Allgemeinen Künstlerlexikon” (AKL). We have taken into account the greatest possible range of works by generations starting with the painter Władysław Strzemiński who was born in 1893, all the way to the object and installation artist Danuta Karsten (1963).

Mediathek
  • Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Kraków - 2000 Warsaw): Multiplied Space IX, 1981. Serigraphy, Collage, 60.8 x 49.7 cm (41.6 x 41.1 cm); Inv. no. 2149

    Multiplied Space IX, 1981

    Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Kraków - 2000 Warsaw)
  • Bereś, Jerzy (1930 Nowy Sącz - 2012 Kraków): Zwid Kamienny II, 1962. Wood, stone, H = 200 cm; Inv. no. 1215

    Zwid Kamienny II, 1962

    Bereś, Jerzy (1930 Nowy Sącz - 2012 Kraków)
  • Bereźnicki, Kiejstut (*1935 Poznań, lives in Sopot): Still Life with Rattles, 1964. Oil on canvas, 130 x 134 cm; Inv. no. 1216

    Still Life with Rattles, 1964

    Bereźnicki, Kiejstut; (*1935 Poznań, lives in Sopot)
  • Berlewi, Henryk (1894 Warsaw - 1967 Paris): Mechano-Faktur Construction, 1924/1961. Screen print, 61 x 50 cm; Inv. no. 1504

    Mechano-Faktur Construktion, 1924/1961

    Berlewi, Henryk (1894 Warsaw - 1967 Paris)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there): Memory/Watchwords, 1997. Four-part photo work, each 123 x 200 cm, video 3 min. 12 secs.; Inv. no. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Watchwords (1), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there): Memory/Watchwords, 1997. Four-part photo work, each 123 x 200 cm, video 3 min. 12 secs.; Inv. no. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Watchwords (2), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there): Memory/Watchwords, 1997. Four-part photo work, each 123 x 200 cm, video 3 min. 12 secs.; Inv. no. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Watchwords (3), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there): Memory/Watchwords, 1997. Four-part photo work, each 123 x 200 cm, video 3 min. 12 secs.; Inv. no. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Watchwords (4), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Kraków, lives there)
  • Fijałkowski, Stanisław (*1922 Zdołbunów/ Wolhynien, lives in Łódź): 17 I 74, 1974. Oil on canvas, 73 x 60 cm; Inv. no. 2090

    17 I 74, 1974

    Fijałkowski, Stanisław (*1922 Zdołbunów/Wolhynien, lives in Łódź)
  • Grabowski, Jerzy (1933 Gutki - 2004 Warsaw): Rozważania o symbolice cyfr, 1993. Linoleum blind print with rolled on colour application on paper, 62 x 91 cm; Inv. no. 3705

    Rozważania o symbolice cyfr, 1993

    Grabowski, Jerzy (1933 Gutki - 2004 Warsaw)
  • Hasior, Władysław (1928 Nowy Sącz - 1999 Zakopane): The Invasion of Troy, 1971. Wood, textile, figures, found pieces, electrical installation on chipboard with a gold frame, 90 x 129 x 25 cm; Inv. no. 1672

    The Invasion of Troy, 1971

    Hasior, Władysław (1928 Nowy Sącz - 1999 Zakopane)
  • Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Kraków): Relic no. 2, 1968. Oil on canvas, Umbrella, 200 x 130 cm; Inv. no. 2046

    Relic no. 2, 1968

    Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Kraków)
  • Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Kraków): Portrait of Mother, 1976. Installation (Photograph on canvas, wooden box, cloth bags with photo portraits), 95 x 105 cm, 26 x 159 x 90 cm; Inv. no. 2047

    Portrait of Mother, 1976

    Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Kraków)
  • Karsten, Danuta (*1963 Mała Słońca, lives in Recklinghausen): No title, 1999. Paper, wood glue, textile threads, Plexiglass, 50 x 50 cm; Inv. no. 4013

    No title, 1999

    Karsten, Danuta (*1963 Mała Słońca, lives in Recklinghausen)
  • Kobzdej, Aleksander (1920 Olesko/Ukraine - 1972 Warsaw): Wilde Gap between the Sky and Nature, 1969. Synthetic material, oil on canvas, 138 x 130 cm; Inv. no. 1623

    Wide Gap between the Sky and Nature, 1969

    Kobzdej, Aleksander (1920 Olesko/Ukraine -1972 Warsaw)
  • Kulik, Zofia (*1947 Breslau/Wrocław, lives in Łomianki-Dąbrowa): Who conquers the World, 1994. Multipart black and white photograph, 302.5 x 656.5 cm; Inv. no. 3276

    Who conquers the World, 1994

    Kulik, Zofia (*1947 Breslau/Wrocław, lives in Łomianki-Dąbrowa)
  • Lebenstein, Jan (1930 Brest-Litowsk/Brześć Litewski - 1999 Kraków): Figure no. 156, 1962. Oil on canvas, 180 x 96 cm; Inv. no. 1228

    Figur No. 156, 1962

    Lebenstein, Jan (1930 Brest-Litowsk/Brześć Litewski - 1999 Kraków)
  • Makowski, Zbigniew (*1930 Warsaw, lives there): 1 ½ Mandala, 1964. Incl. Water colour on paper, 48 x 61 cm; Inv. no. 1220

    1 ½ Mandala, 1964

    Makowski, Zbigniew (*1930 Warsaw, lives there)
  • Myjak, Adam (*1947 Stary Sącz, lives in Warsaw): Head, ca. 1986. Bronze, 40 x 44 x 38 cm; Inv. no. 2471

    Head, ca. 1986

    Myjak, Adam (*1947 Stary Sącz, lives in Warsaw)
  • Stażewski, Henryk (1894 Warsaw - 1988 Warsaw): Relief no. 26/1968, 1968. Oil on hard fibre, 60 x 60 cm; Inv. no. 1681

    Relief no. 26/1968, 1968

    Stażewski, Henryk (1894 Warsaw -1988 Warsaw)
  • Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź): Green red architecture, 1928. Oil on cardboard, 48 x 30 cm; Inv. no. 2071

    Green red architecture, 1928

    Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź)
  • Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź): Sea landscape, 1934. Gouache, 21 x 27 cm; Inv. no. 2072

    Sea landscape, 1934

    Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź)
  • Tarasin, Jan (1926 Kalisz - 2009 Warsaw): Large Beach, 1964. Oil on canvas, 95 x 125 cm; Inv. no. 1218

    Large Beach, 1964

    Tarasin, Jan (1926 Kalisz - 2009 Warsaw)
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