The Bochum Art Museum – the Collection of Polish Art

Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Kraków - 2000 Warsaw)
Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Kraków - 2000 Warsaw): Multiplied Space IX, 1981. Serigraphy, Collage, 60.8 x 49.7 cm (41.6 x 41.1 cm)

The first comprehensive exhibition of Polish art (“Polish Art Today” was the fourth exhibition in a range entitled “Profile”, and took place at the turn of 1964/65. The works were selected by two important Polish art historians Ryszard Stanisławski and Mieczysław Porębski, and placed in independent sections. Following the exhibition several works were then bought for the museum collection. These included important (and partly early) works by Jerzy Bereś, Kiejstut Bereźnicki, Aleksander Kobzdej, Jan Lebenstein, Zbigniew Makowski and Jan Tarasin. Solo exhibitions by Bereś (1971), Władysław Hasior (1971) and Stanisław Fijałkowski (1977) were to follow, after each of which works were also purchased by the museum. Important works by Tadeusz Kantor arrived in Bochum in 1976 following a solo exhibition given by the artist in Nuremberg. These artists were mostly representated in other exhibitions of Polish contemporary art shown in German and Polish museums in the 1960s and 70s.

In 1980 the Bochum Art Museum used the occasion of the “Second World Congress on Soviet and Eastern Europe Studies” to publish a catalogue of 20th century Eastern European art contained in public collections in West Germany. The catalogue covered museums in 48 towns and cities including West Berlin, and comprised works by artists from Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Poland, Romania, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. It showed that, after 20 years of collecting activities, the Bochum Art Museum contained around 200 catalogue numbers, the second most comprehensive collection of Eastern European art following that in the Folkwang Museum in Essen. At this point in time around 30 of the 200 works came from Poland. In the same year the Bochum Art Museum purchased five works by Władysław Strzemiński following an exhibition in a Cologne Gallery. In 1986 it bought two bronze busts by Adam Myjak from his Warsaw studio, and three years later it devoted a huge solo exhibition to his works.

When the Iron Curtain came down in 1989 the “mediation work” between East and West undertaken by the Bochum Museum took a different turn. Its collecting and exhibition activities with regard to Polish art now became a part of a general international orientation. In 1994 it presented an international exhibition of still-life photography containing an important work by the Warsaw artist Zofia Kulik: this was subsequently purchased when the exhibition closed. In 2005 the museum devoted a major solo exhibition to her work – two years before she participated in the Documenta 12 in Kassel. In 1998 the Culture Secretariat of North Rhine Westphalia organised a “Transfer” exhibition of young Polish and German artists after which a photo and video installation by the Kraków artist Marta Deskur remained in the Bochum Art Museum. In 2007 the museum presented works by the artist Danuta Karsten – she originally came from the vicinity of Danzig, had studied at the art academies in Danzig and Düsseldorf and now lives in Recklinghausen – thereby extending its collecting and exhibition activities to a new generation of Polish artists, most of whom can now freely choose where they wish to live and work in Europe.

The documentation shown here describes 20 works by 18 selected Polish artists in the collection of the Bochum Art Museum. These works represent the highlights of its 55 years of collecting activities, and are simultaneously linked to group and solo exhibitions of Polish art during the past decades in Bochum. All the selected artists are numbered amongst the protagonists of Polish art in the 20th century. Very many of their works can be seen in Polish and international museums and all of them can boast of an outstanding number of older and recent exhibition catalogues and monographs as well as being honoured by art scholars on Polish websites with detailed texts in English and Polish, not forgetting their references in the German language “Allgemeinen Künstlerlexikon” (AKL). We have taken into account the greatest possible range of works by generations starting with the painter Władysław Strzemiński who was born in 1893, all the way to the object and installation artist Danuta Karsten (1963).

Mediathek
  • Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Krakau - 2000 Warschau): Multiplied Space IX, 1981. Serigraphie, Collage, 60,8 x 49,7 cm (41,6 x 41,1 cm); Inv. Nr. 2149

    Multiplied Space IX, 1981

    Artymowska, Zofia (1923 Krakau - 2000 Warschau)
  • Bereś, Jerzy (1930 Nowy Sącz - 2012 Krakau): Zwid Kamienny II, 1962. Holz, Stein, H = 200 cm; Inv. Nr. 1215

    Zwid Kamienny II, 1962

    Bereś, Jerzy (1930 Nowy Sącz - 2012 Krakau)
  • Bereźnicki, Kiejstut (*1935 Poznań, lebt in Sopot): Stillleben mit Klappern, 1964. Öl auf Leinwand, 130 x 134 cm; Inv. Nr. 1216

    Stillleben mit Klappern, 1964

    Bereźnicki, Kiejstut (*1935 Poznań, lebt in Sopot)
  • Berlewi, Henryk (1894 Warschau - 1967 Paris): Mechano-Faktur-Konstruktion, 1924/1961. Siebdruck, 61 x 50 cm; Inv. Nr. 1504

    Mechano-Faktur-Konstruktion, 1924/1961

    Berlewi, Henryk (1894 Warschau - 1967 Paris)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort): Memory/Losungen, 1997. Fotoarbeit, vierteilig, je 123 x 200 cm, Video 3 min. 12 sek.; Inv. Nr. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Losungen (1), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort): Memory/Losungen, 1997. Fotoarbeit, vierteilig, je 123 x 200 cm, Video 3 min. 12 sek.; Inv. Nr. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Losungen (2), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort): Memory/Losungen, 1997. Fotoarbeit, vierteilig, je 123 x 200 cm, Video 3 min. 12 sek.; Inv. Nr. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Losungen (3), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort)
  • Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort): Memory/Losungen, 1997. Fotoarbeit, vierteilig, je 123 x 200 cm, Video 3 min. 12 sek.; Inv. Nr. 3982 a-d

    Memory/Losungen (4), 1997

    Marta Deskur (*1962 Krakau, lebt dort)
  • Fijałkowski, Stanisław (*1922 Zdołbunów/Wolhynien, lebt in Łódź): 17 I 74, 1974. Öl auf Leinwand, 73 x 60 cm; Inv. Nr. 2090

    17 I 74, 1974

    Fijałkowski, Stanisław (*1922 Zdołbunów/Wolhynien, lebt in Łódź)
  • Grabowski, Jerzy (1933 Gutki - 2004 Warschau): Rozważania o symbolice cyfr, 1993. Linolblinddruck mit aufgewalzter Farbapplikation auf Papier, 62 x 91 cm; Inv. Nr. 3705

    Rozważania o symbolice cyfr, 1993

    Grabowski, Jerzy (1933 Gutki - 2004 Warschau)
  • Hasior, Władysław (1928 Nowy Sącz - 1999 Zakopane): Troja-Überfall, 1971. Holz, Textil, Figuren, Fundstücke, elektrische Installation auf Spanplatte mit Goldrahmen, 90 x 129 x 25 cm; Inv. Nr. 1672

    Troja-Überfall, 1971

    Hasior, Władysław (1928 Nowy Sącz - 1999 Zakopane)
  • Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Krakau): Relikt Nr. 2, 1968. Öl auf Leinwand, Regenschirm, 200 x 130 cm; Inv. Nr. 2046

    Relikt Nr. 2, 1968

    Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Krakau)
  • 10. Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Krakau); Porträt der Mutter, 1976; Installation (Fotografie auf Leinwand, Holzkiste, Leinensäcke mit Fotoporträts); 95 x 105 cm; 26 x 159 x 90 cm; Inv. Nr. 2047

    Porträt der Mutter, 1976

    10. Kantor, Tadeusz (1915 Wielopole Skrzyńskie - 1990 Krakau)
  • Karsten, Danuta (*1963 Mała Słońca, lebt in Recklinghausen): ohne Titel, 1999. Papier, Holzleim, Fäden, Plexiglas, 50 x 50 cm; Inv. Nr. 4013

    Ohne Titel, 1999

    Karsten, Danuta (*1963 Mała Słońca, lebt in Recklinghausen)
  • Kobzdej, Aleksander (1920 Olesko/Ukraine -1972 Warschau): Breite Spalte zwischen dem Himmel und der Natur, 1969. Kunststoff, Öl auf Leinwand, 138 x 130 cm; Inv. Nr. 1623

    Breite Spalte zwischen dem Himmel und der Natur, 1969

    Kobzdej, Aleksander (1920 Olesko/Ukraine -1972 Warschau)
  • Kulik, Zofia (*1947 Breslau/Wrocław, lebt in Łomianki-Dąbrowa): Wer erobert die Welt, 1994. Mehrteilige Schwarzweiß-Fotografie, 302,5 x 656,5 cm; Inv. Nr. 3276

    Wer erobert die Welt, 1994

    Kulik, Zofia (*1947 Breslau/Wrocław, lebt in Łomianki-Dąbrowa)
  • Lebenstein, Jan (1930 Brest-Litowsk/Brześć Litewski - 1999 Krakau): Figur No. 156, 1962. Öl auf Leinwand, 180 x 96 cm; Inv. Nr. 1228

    Figur No. 156, 1962

    Lebenstein, Jan (1930 Brest-Litowsk/Brześć Litewski - 1999 Krakau)
  • Makowski, Zbigniew (*1930 Warschau, lebt dort): 1 ½ Mandala, 1964. Tusche, Aquarell auf Papier, 48 x 61 cm; Inv. Nr. 1220

    1 ½ Mandala, 1964

    Makowski, Zbigniew (*1930 Warschau, lebt dort)
  • Myjak, Adam (*1947 Stary Sącz, lebt in Warschau): Kopf, um 1986. Bronze, 40 x 44 x 38 cm; Inv. Nr. 2471

    Kopf, um 1986

    Myjak, Adam (*1947 Stary Sącz, lebt in Warschau)
  • Stażewski, Henryk (1894 Warschau -1988 Warschau): Relief Nr. 26/1968, 1968. Öl auf Hartfaser, 60 x 60 cm; Inv. Nr. 1681

    Relief Nr. 26/1968

    Stażewski, Henryk (1894 Warschau -1988 Warschau)
  • Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź): Grün-Rot-Architektur, 1928. Öl auf Pappe, 48 x 30 cm; Inv. Nr. 2071

    Grün-Rot-Architektur, 1928

    Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź)
  • Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź): Meerlandschaft, 1934. Gouache, 21 x 27 cm; Inv. Nr. 2072

    Meerlandschaft, 1934

    Strzemiński, Władysław (1893 Minsk - 1952 Łódź)
  • Tarasin, Jan (1926 Kalisz - 2009 Warschau): Großer Strand, 1964. Öl auf Leinwand, 95 x 125 cm; Inv. Nr. 1218

    Großer Strand, 1964

    Tarasin, Jan (1926 Kalisz - 2009 Warschau)
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