Roman Kochanowski (1857-1945) - the last “Münchener” from Poland

Roman Kochanowski with his son Roman Junior in his Munich atelier, around 1903, photographer unknown
Roman Kochanowski with his son Roman Junior in his Munich atelier, around 1903, photographer unknown

His pictures showed: “Meadows, muddy paths, game woods, thatched cottages, goose girls, grandmothers with bundles of collected brushwood. Woods, plantations, morning mists and sunsets.” [2] Hidden between mounds of musty magazines from the end of the 19th century and piles of books were all kinds of treasure chests with “Kraków smocks, ravaged by time, once white and brown, with faded, coloured collars and embroidery, Kraków belts with all kinds of brass fittings, brass buttons of former Polish regiments from the Duchy of Warsaw, from Congress Poland and perhaps also from the end of the Republic, red peaked Kraków caps, also known as Konfederatka, with lambskin edging – without peacock feathers, because they had already fallen off; and, in better condition, ladies’ coloured skirts, richly embroidered blouses, Kraków cloths in fresh colours of yesteryear.”[3] There were also letters, photos and sketch books that for years nobody had shown any interest in.

Roman Kochanowski was born on 28 February 1857 in Kraków, the son of a craftsman and property owner who was keen for his son to have an education. But when, as an adolescent, Roman chose to be an artist, his father did not stop him. In the grammar school, he had his first art lesson from Maksymilian Cercha, a man whose artistic passion was aroused by the Kraków of the time. [4] Roman then attended the School of Fine Arts (Szkoła Sztuk Pięknych), where he studied under Władysław Łuszczkiewicz and Henryk Grabiński. The friendship with the former and his shared interests with the latter, a landscape painter trained in Vienna, Munich and Paris, had a positive effect on the student. Roman Kochanowski felt vindicated in his decision to be an artist and continued his training at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna.[5]

 

[2] Wiktor Trościanko, Roman Kochanowski, Munich 1972, p. 6.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Maksymilian Cercha (1818–1907), painter and goldsmith, art teacher at schools in Kraków.

[5] At that time, Kraków was in the Austrian partitioned territories. As a result, the journey to Vienna did not cross any state borders. Although Vienna was the capital of the partitioning power that was Austria, the city was often chosen as a training centre.

Mediathek
  • Roman Kochanowski with his son Roman Junior in his Munich atelier

    Roman Kochanowski with his son Roman Junior

    Roman Kochanowski with his son Roman Junior in his Munich atelier, around 1903, photographer unknown, 13 x 18 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft, 1879, oil on canvas, 115 x 156 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft

    Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft, 1879, oil on canvas, 115 x 156 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Der Abend, 1879, oil on canvas, 62 x 100 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Der Abend

    Roman Kochanowski, Der Abend, 1879, oil on canvas, 62 x 100 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Aus der Gegend von Krakau, 1886, oil on canvas, 211 x 117 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Aus der Gegend von Krakau

    Roman Kochanowski, Aus der Gegend von Krakau, 1886, oil on canvas, 211 x 117 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Winterliche Landschaft, 1886, 74 x 119 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Winterliche Landschaft

    Roman Kochanowski, Winterliche Landschaft, 1886, 74 x 119 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft bei Krakau, 1886, oil on canvas, 33 x 54.7 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft bei Krakau

    Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft bei Krakau, 1886, oil on canvas, 33 x 54.7 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft [im Winter], 1896, oil on paper, 102 x 29 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft [in winter]

    Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft [im Winter], 1896, oil on paper, 102 x 29 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft [mit Weiden], 1896, oil on paper, 17.7 x 23 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft [mit Weiden]

    Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft [mit Weiden], 1896, oil on paper, 17.7 x 23 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Heuschober, 1896, oil on paper, 15 x 23 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Heuschober

    Roman Kochanowski, Heuschober, 1896, oil on paper, 15 x 23 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft mit Gänsen, 1896, archive photo

    Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft mit Gänsen

    Roman Kochanowski, Dorflandschaft mit Gänsen, 1896, archive photo
  • Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft mit Kühen, 1899, oil on canvas, 20 x 30.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft mit Kühen

    Roman Kochanowski, Landschaft mit Kühen, 1899, oil on canvas, 20 x 30.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Porträt des Vaters, ca. 1920, oil on canvas,  23 x 15.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Porträt des Vaters

    Roman Kochanowski, Porträt des Vaters, ca. 1920, oil on canvas, 23 x 15.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Trembowla, 1890-1900, drawing, pencil on paper, 14 x 22 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Trembowla

    Roman Kochanowski, Trembowla, 1890-1900, drawing, pencil on paper, 14 x 22 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski Junior, before 1910, gallery photo, 17.8 x 18 cm, photographer: Atelier Gebrüder Lützel, Munich

    Roman Kochanowski Junior, before 1910

    Roman Kochanowski Junior, before 1910, gallery photo, 17.8 x 18 cm, photographer: Atelier Gebrüder Lützel, Munich
  • Roman Kochanowski, ca. 1890, gallery photo, 10.8 x 6.5 cm, photographer: Franz Hanfstaengl, Munich

    Roman Kochanowski, ca. 1890

    Roman Kochanowski, ca. 1890, gallery photo, 10.8 x 6.5 cm, photographer: Franz Hanfstaengl, Munich
  • Roman Kochanowski’s letter to the magistrate Freising dated 5 September 1896, relates to his son Roman, born in 1894, first and fourth page, with the artist’s signature, 18 x 22.6 cm

    Roman Kochanowski’s letter to the magistrate Freising

    Roman Kochanowski’s letter to the magistrate Freising dated 5 September 1896, relates to his son Roman, born in 1894, first and fourth page, with the artist’s signature, 18 x 22.6 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book with a team of oxen, one ox lying down and one ox on the wagon, pencil on paper, 7.3 x 23 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book with a team of oxen, one ox lying down and one ox on the wagon, pencil on paper, 7.3 x 23 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book showing four figures, pencil on paper, 8.4 x 15.7 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book showing four figures, pencil on paper, 8.4 x 15.7 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book showing a peasant’s horse and carriage in motion, pencil on paper, 15 x 11 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book showing a peasant’s horse and carriage in motion, pencil on paper, 15 x 11 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book showing two women, a flute player and a peasant’s horse and carriage, pencil on paper, 14.3 x 18.7 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book

    Roman Kochanowski, page from a sketch book showing two women, a flute player and a peasant’s horse and carriage, pencil on paper, 14.3 x 18.7 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Engelsberg [Bavaria], photo, photographic paper on board, 14.5 x 19.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Engelsberg [Bavaria]

    Roman Kochanowski, Engelsberg [Bavaria], photo, photographic paper on board, 14.5 x 19.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Wieliczka [near Kraków], photo, photographic paper on board, 14.5 x 19.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Wieliczka [near Kraków]

    Roman Kochanowski, Wieliczka [near Kraków], photo, photographic paper on board, 14.5 x 19.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Das Schloss von Trembowla, photo, photographic paper on board, 14.5 x 19.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Das Schloss von Trembowla

    Roman Kochanowski, Das Schloss von Trembowla, photo, photographic paper on board, 14.5 x 19.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Trees at the waterside, photo, photographic paper on board, 23.5 x 17.3 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Trees at the waterside

    Roman Kochanowski, Trees at the waterside, photo, photographic paper on board, 23.5 x 17.3 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Girl, fan leaf, oil on mahogany, 27 x 8.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Girl

    Roman Kochanowski, Girl, fan leaf, oil on mahogany, 27 x 8.5 cm
  • Envelope addressed to Roman Kochanowski, Sender: Alfred Wierusz-Kowalski, 12 August 1913, 11 x 13.7 cm

    Envelope addressed to Roman Kochanowski

    Envelope addressed to Roman Kochanowski, Sender: Alfred Wierusz-Kowalski, 12 August 1913, 11 x 13.7 cm
  • 15.	Roman Kochanowski, Landscape with peasant woman, 1887, copperplate on paper, 23 x 15 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Landscape with peasant woman

    15. Roman Kochanowski, Landscape with peasant woman, 1887, copperplate on paper, 23 x 15 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, two fan leaves, drafts, oil on paper, 28.7 x 26.4 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, two fan leaves

    Roman Kochanowski, two fan leaves, drafts, oil on paper, 28.7 x 26.4 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, illustrations, handwriting sample and sketch of a figure, drafts, pen and ink on paper, 20.8 x 22 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, illustrations

    Roman Kochanowski, illustrations, handwriting sample and sketch of a figure, drafts, pen and ink on paper, 20.8 x 22 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, illustrations, Hunter with a dog and a man’s head, drafts, pen and ink on paper, 20.6 x 29.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, illustrations

    Roman Kochanowski, illustrations, Hunter with a dog and a man’s head, drafts, pen and ink on paper, 20.6 x 29.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, illustration, draft, pen and ink on board, 30 x 23 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, illustration

    Roman Kochanowski, illustration, draft, pen and ink on board, 30 x 23 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Girl on the shore of a lake, cover page, draft, black chalk on board, 32 x 23.6 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Girl on the shore of a lake

    Roman Kochanowski, Girl on the shore of a lake, cover page, draft, black chalk on board, 32 x 23.6 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Two women in a landscape, 1887, own technique, board, 25.6 x 24 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Two women in a landscape

    Roman Kochanowski, Two women in a landscape, 1887, own technique, board, 25.6 x 24 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Seascape with sailing ship in a roadstead, photo, photographic paper on board, 28.5 x 42.3 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Seascape with sailing ship in a roadstead

    Roman Kochanowski, Seascape with sailing ship in a roadstead, photo, photographic paper on board, 28.5 x 42.3 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Vase, draft, oil on paper, 19.5 x 26.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Vase

    Roman Kochanowski, Vase, draft, oil on paper, 19.5 x 26.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, Historical scene, illustration, black pen on paper, 28 x 35.5 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, Historical scene

    Roman Kochanowski, Historical scene, illustration, black pen on paper, 28 x 35.5 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski, cover page of the Kraków magazine “Świat”, draft, black pen on paper, 32 x 23.2 cm

    Roman Kochanowski, cover page of the Kraków magazine “Świat”

    Roman Kochanowski, cover page of the Kraków magazine “Świat”, draft, black pen on paper, 32 x 23.2 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski in front of the easel in his atelier, photo, 20.6 x 13.5 cm, photographer unknown

    Roman Kochanowski in his atelier

    Roman Kochanowski in front of the easel in his atelier, photo, 20.6 x 13.5 cm, photographer unknown
  • Roman Kochanowski working outdoors, photo, 12.8 x 17.8 cm, photographer unknown

    Working outdoors

    Roman Kochanowski working outdoors, photo, 12.8 x 17.8 cm, photographer unknown
  • Roman Kochanowski, Landscape, photo, 8.2 x 32.2 cm (template for a painting)

    Roman Kochanowski, Landscape

    Roman Kochanowski, Landscape, photo, 8.2 x 32.2 cm (template for a painting)
  • Daily entries in Roman Kochanowski’s notebook, 14 x 8.3 cm

    Daily entries

    Daily entries in Roman Kochanowski’s notebook, 14 x 8.3 cm
  • The artist’s sketch book, 20.4 x 16.3 cm

    The artist’s sketch book

    The artist’s sketch book, 20.4 x 16.3 cm
  • Roman Kochanowski’s grave, resting place in the forest cemetery in Munich, 2015

    Roman Kochanowski’s grave

    Roman Kochanowski’s grave, resting place in the forest cemetery in Munich, 2015