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Daniel Chodowiecki - The Polonica

Chodowiecki portrays the Prince-Primate, Danzig 1773. Collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey in the year 1773 by Daniel Chodowiecki.
Chodowiecki portrays the Prince-Primate, Danzig 1773. Collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey in the year 1773 by Daniel Chodowiecki, Berlin 1895

In 1793 Chodowiecki wrote the following about his origins “To some extent I am also one of these good people [the respectable réfugiés who were forced to leave their fatherland 100 years ago and who were revered and loved everywhere they arrived, and who also did a lot of good in Germany], for my grandmother on my mother’s side was a réfugiée, although my father was a Polish citizen, a descendant of a courageous nation that will soon no longer exist.”[1] 1793 was the year of the Second Partition of Poland. The so-called réfugiés were therefore refugees, Huguenots, French Protestants who had been repressed by the clergy and monarchy in France since 1530. The Edict of Fontainebleau issued by Louis XIV in 1685 was as good as the equivalent of a ban on Protestantism. It triggered off the flight of a 250,000 Huguenots in the areas of Europe that were dominated by Protestants. Daniel’s mother, Marie Henriette Ayrer (*1702), came from a Huguenot refugee background on both sides of the family. According to Daniel, his Polish ancient ancestors could traditionally be traced back to the aristocrat Bartłomiej Chodowiecki, who lived in Greater Poland in the mid-16th century. But as early as the 17th century it was not possible to prove their aristocratic title, nor is it mentioned in Polish books on coats of arms.[2] Daniel’s direct forefathers were theologians and corn dealers in Thorn. His grandfather Christian (*1655) moved to Danzig because trading conditions were better there: here he ran a corn business that was taken over by his son, Gottfried/Godfryd (*1698). This was Daniel’s father. After Daniel’s parents were married they joined the Reformed Church in Danzig and orientated themselves around the culture of French immigrants. The upshot was that they spoke French. French was therefore Daniel Chodowiecki’s mother tongue. But he also spoke German and a little Polish. From their grandfather’s inheritance the family bought a house in Heiliggeistgasse.

Biography

Daniel Chodowiecki was born in Danzig (Gdansk) on 16th October 1726. He seemed to have had a happy childhood. One of his father’s hobbies was painting cameo portraits and he taught Daniel how to draw. After his father died in 1740 Daniel began training as an apprentice dealer in spices and food. Alongside these studies, and with the support of his aunt, he continued studying the art of drawing on his own initiative. In 1743, at the age of 16, like his younger brother before him, he moved to Berlin to work in the hardware store of his uncle Antoine Adrien Ayrer. Here both brothers made cameo copies of etchings, with which they decorated tins. In 1748/49 Daniel was taught enamel painting by the Augsburg copper engraver, Johann Jacob Haid (1704-1767). True, Daniel’s earliest extant drawing, “A Polish Jubilee year and Repentance Homily drawn in Kraków“ (1750), had a Polish motif, but it was probably a copy of a work by a man named Georg Christoph Kilian (1709-1781)[3] : it was entitled “A Polish Jubilee year and Repentance Homily drawn in Kraków“ (1750).[4] In 1754 he decided to become an artist in his own right, took up lessons in drawing from the Berlin history painter Bernhard Rode (1725-1797) and attempted to make contact with other successful young painters and etchers like Antoine Pesne, Joachim Martin Falbe and Blaise Nicolas Le Sueur, who became the director of the Berlin Akademie der Künste in 1756.

In 1755 Chodowiecki married a woman by the name of Jeanne Barez (1726-1785), who was part of the French colony in Berlin. In 1757 he began experimenting in intaglio printing as can be seen from the fact that his first etching was dated in the same year. Based on one of his earliest intaglios, he probably finished his earliest oil painting in 1758: “A Young Peasant with a Bandaged Face” (National Museum Danzig / Muzeum Narodowe w Gdańsku). In the summer of the same year he began studying drawings of natural anatomy and specialised in red chalk and pencil drawings of women doing domestic work. However, after the birth of his first child in 1761, his interest in this theme began to wane. The Chodowieckis had five children in all, the last of whom was born in 1770: all of them were later artists of one kind or another. In 1764 Daniel was named a member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Arts and Mechanical Sciences in Berlin. After his first creative periods as an etcher between 1758 and 59 and 1763 and 64, he began a continuous period of small format etchings in 1767. The result was more than 2000 works. That said, he earned the necessary livelihood to support his family mainly from cameo portraits and porcelain painting on tins.[5] In 1773 he travelled to Danzig and Silesia. In the same year he met up with two artist friends in Dresden, Anton Graff (1736-1813) and Adrian Zingg (1734-1816). In 1779 the first list of his etchings was published, and in the following year he published his autobiography. After his mother’s death he travelled once more to Danzig in 1780. From 1782 onwards he was committed to reforming the Berlin Academy and he managed to push through these reforms in 1786 as its secretary and one of the six rectors. In 1790 he became a vice- principal, and in 1797 he succeeded Bernhard Rode as the Director of the Academy. Daniel Chodowiecki died in Berlin on 7th February 1801. (Ill. 1)

 

[1] Daniel Chodowiecki’ letters to the Countess Christiane von Solms-Laubach, edited by Charlotte Steinbrucker, Straßburg 1927, page 180. Already quoted in the book, Chodowiecki. Zwischen Rokoko und Romantik [1916], page 71

[2] For comprehensive deatils on Daniel Chodowiecki ancestors, see Maria Bogucka 1997, pages 33-36

[3] Helmut Börsch-Supan 1998, page 605

[4] Klassik Stiftung Weimar, Kunstsammlungen. Pictured in Elżbieta Budzińska 1986, illustration 1

[5] Martin Klar: Porcelain box by von Daniel Chodowiecki, in: Pantheon. Internationale Jahreszeitschrift für Kunst, München 1931, pages 38-44

Mediathek Sorted

Mediathek
  • Grave of honour for Daniel Chodowiecki in the cemetery of the French reformed parish in Chausseestraße 127, Berlin-Mitte

    Ill. 1: Chodowiecki’s Grave

    Grave of honour in the French cemetery, Berlin
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Cabinet d’un peintre [Print of the artist’s family], 1771. Etching, 18 x 23 cm

    Ill. 2: With the Family

    Print of the Family of the Artist, 1771
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: In a Kasubian village, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …

    Ill. 3: Kasubian village

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: In the Stable of the Coaching Inn at Donnemörse, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 15)

    Ill. 4: Stable at Donnemörse

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A Country House with Chapel near Oliva, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 16)

    Ill. 5: Country House near Oliva

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The Suburb of Graben (Trench) in Danzig, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 20)

    Ill. 6: The Suburb of Graben

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A Catholic Priest, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 26)

    Ill. 7: Priest

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Two Carmelite Monks, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 30)

    Ill. 8: Monks

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: In the Stable of an elegant Pole, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 31)

    Ill. 9: A Polish Stable

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: On the entrance terrace to the “English House“, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 34)

    Abb. 10: Englisches Haus

    Ill. 10: The English House
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A Visit to the Merchant Gerdes, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 36)

    Ill. 11: The Merchant, Gerdes

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A Monk. View from the rear. 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 40)

    Ill. 12: Monk

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Three Polish raftsmen, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 44)

    Ill. 13: Polish raftsmen

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Woman kneeling with a prayer book and fan in the Dominican church, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 48)

    Ill. 14: Kneeling Woman

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: People at prayer in the Dominican church, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 49)

    Ill. 15: People at Prayer

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Woman with a rosary at prayer, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 50)

    Ill. 16: Woman at Prayer

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Chodowiecki portrays the Wife of the Voivode Przebendowski, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 60)

    Ill. 17: The Wife of the Voivode

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Chodowiecki portrays the Prince-Primate, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 62)

    Ill. 18: The Prince-Primate

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Chodowiecki portrays the Voivode Przebendowski, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 63)

    Ill. 19: The Voivode

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Chodowiecki draws the Prince-Primate, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 65)

    Ill. 20: The Prince-Primate

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Miss Ledóchowska, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 77)

    Ill. 21:Miss Ledóchowska

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Chodowiecki portrays Countess Chacka [Czapska], 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 79)

    Ill. 22: Countess Chapska

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Half-length portraits of Miss Chrzaszczewska and Pater Matthy, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 80)

    Ill. 23: Half-length portraits

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Miss Chrzaszczewska, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 81)

    Ill. 24: Miss Chrzaszczewska

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The Prince-Primate, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 84)

    Ill. 25: The Prince-Primate

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Chodowiecki draws Madame Öhmchen, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 92) (in the presence of Countess Podoska)

    Ill. 26: Madame Öhmchen

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Countess Podoska and the Chevalier du Bouloir, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 93)

    Ill. 27: Countess Podoska

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Lunch with the Prince-Primate, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 94)

    Ill. 28: Lunch

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Starost Ledóchowski and Countess Podoska, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 95)

    Ill. 29: Starost and Countess

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A woman at prayer in the Dominican church, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 96

    Ill. 30: Woman at Prayer

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Woman kneeling at prayer, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 97)

    Ill. 31: Kneeling woman

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A Woman kneeling in Church, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 98)

    Ill. 32: Kneeling woman

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Standing woman in a cape, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 99)

    Ill. 33: Standing woman

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Miss Gousseau kisses the hand of a Dominican Father, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 100)

    Ill. 34: A Dominican Father

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The junior Fräulein Ledóchowska and Fräulein Gousseau, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 101)

    Ill. 35: Fräulein Ledóchowska

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Madame Öhmchen, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 102)

    Ill. 36: Madame Öhmchen

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Strażnik Czacki [Czapski] and the wife of Starost Ledóchowski, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 103)

    Ill. 37: Strażnik Czapski

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: In the Dominican Church, 1773 (collotype from: From Berlin to Danzig. An artist’s journey …, Berlin 1895. Original drawing in the Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Inv. no. Chodowiecki 107)

    Ill. 38: In the Dominican Church

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  •  Daniel Chodowiecki: Three Polish Figures, 1775. A Polish lady coming from mass, a Polish aristocrat in national dress; a Catholic priest with folded hands in liturgical vestments standing behind a choirboy. Etching (Engelmann 138)

    Ill. 39: Three Polish Figures

    from: Journey from Berlin to Danzig, 1773
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The Polish Vlies [Fliß, poln. flisak, raftsman] / L’esclave Polonnois, 1782. Etching from: Marriage Proposals, 2nd sequence, print 1; Pocketbook for Usage and Pleasure for the year 1782, Göttingen 1782 (Engelmann 382/1)

    Ill. 40: A Polish Raftsman

    from: Marriage proposals, 1782
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Title etching to Krasicki’s “Rejuventated Old Man”, 1785. Etching from: An invented story   (The Regularly Rejuvenated Old Man), by Ignatz Reichsgraf von Krasicki, the Royal Bishop of Warmia [Ignacy Krasicki, 1735-1801], translated from the Polish by J. Bernouilli, Berlin 1785 (Engelmann 548)

    Ill. 41: The Rejuvenated Old Man

    Title illustration to a story by Ignacy Krasicki, 1785
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The Eye of Providence, 1787. Etching, Vignette for a prayer, a commission “from Pastor Thomas Grem in Bertung near Allenstein in the Bishopric of Warmia, for the Brethren of the Adoration of God in Bertung” (Engelmann 587)

    Ill. 42: The Eye of Providence

    Vignette for a prayer, 1787
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The violent Kidnapping of the King of Pohland Stanislaus Augustus in 1771, 1789. Etching from: Portraits from Recent history  , Calendar of the Gotha Court for Usage and Pleasure, 1790 (Engelmann 614/5)

    Ill. 43: Kidnapping

    from: Portraits from Recent History, 1790
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The Pohlish Reichstag 1789, 1790. Etching from: Portraits from Recent History  , Calendar of the Gotha Court for Usage and Pleasure, 1790 (Engelmann 614/6)

    Ill. 44: In the Sejm

    from: Portraits from Recent history, 1790
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The new Polish Constitution, 1792. Etching from: Incidents from Recent Contemporary History, Goettinger Pocket Calender for the year 1793 (Engelmann 686/2)

    Ill. 45: The Constitution

    rom: Incidents from Recent Contemporary History, 1793
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Celebrating Pohland’s Great Revolution, 1792. Etching from: Six Prints on Recent History …and Six Prints on Blumauer’s Aeneïde, the Royal Great Britain Historical Genealogical Calender for 1793 (Engelmann 689/3)

    Ill. 46: Pohland’s Revolution

    from: Six Prints on Recent History, 1793
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Conference with the Kings of Poland on the conquest of Moravia, 1793. Etching from: Twelve Prints on Brandenburg history, a Historical Genealogical Calender for the year 1794 (Engelmann 712/4)

    Ill. 47: A Conference

    from: Twelve Prints on Brandenburg History, 1794
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The Piast and his Wife cater to Two Unknown Travellers, 1795. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the leap year 1796 (Engelmann 779)

    Ill. 48: The Piast

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, 1795
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Boleslaw II compels Polish women to carry small dogs at their breast, 1795. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the leap year 1796 (Engelmann 779)

    Ill. 49: Bolesław II.

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, 1795
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Knights of the Teutonic Order, 1795. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the leap year 1796 (Engelmann 779)

    Ill. 50: Knights of the Teutonic Order

    from: Six prints on the history of Poland, 1795
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Raphael Lesczynski [Rafał Leszczyński, 1579-1636] reminds King  Sigismund August, that he is only the first citizen of the State, 1795. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the leap year 1796 (Engelmann 779)

    Ill. 51: Rafał Leszczyński

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, 1795
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Sobieski regains the booty robbed by the Tartars, 1795. Etching from: Six prints on the History of  Poland, A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the leap year 1796 (Engelmann 779)

    Ill. 52: Sobieski

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, 1795
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Sobieski terminates the boring conversation with Leopold on the plain near Vienna in 1683, 1795. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, a Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the leap year 1796 (Engelmann 779)

    Ill. 53: Sobieski

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland, 1795
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Kasimir the Great falls from his horse during a deer hunting expedition and dies, 1796. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the the year 1797 (Engelmann 823)

    Ill. 54: Kasimir the Great

    from: Six Prints on the history of Poland (Conclusion), 1796
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Duke Konrad of Masovia challenges King Johann Albrecht to a duel, 1796. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), a Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the year 1797 (Engelmann 823)

    Ill. 55: Konrad of Masovia

    from: Six Prints on the history of Poland (Conclusion), 1796
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: The Grand Master of the Teutonic Order questions Luther, 1796. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), a Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the year 1797 (Engelmann 823)

    Ill. 56: The Grand Master

    from: Six Prints on the history of Poland (Conclusion), 1796
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A brawl between two Senators in which a third man is killed, 1796. Etching from: 6 Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), a Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the year 1797 (Engelmann 823)

    Ill. 57: A brawl

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), 1796
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: A Relgious Debate in Thorn, 1796. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), a Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the year 1797 (Engelmann 823)

    Ill. 58: A Religious Debate

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), 1796
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Stanislaus Lesczynski [Stanisław Leszczyński, 1677-1766] flees in disguise from Danzig to Marienwerder, 1796. Etching from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the year 1797 (Engelmann 823)

    Ill. 59: Stanisław Leszczyński

    from: Six Prints on the History of Poland (Conclusion), 1796
  • Daniel Chodowiecki: Suvarov before Praga [Alexander Suvorov, 1730-1800, before the Battle of Praga in 1794], 1797. Etching from: Eight Prints on the History of Catharine II, A Historical and Genealogical Calendar for the year 1798 (Engelmann 846/8)

    Ill. 60: Before Praga

    from: Eight prints on the history of Catharine II., 1797
  • Zwischen Bach und Goethe

    Daniel Chodowiecki auf einem Wandrelief am Aufgang der Alten Nationalgalerie in Berlin (Ausschnitt).
  • Zwischen Bach und Goethe

    Daniel Chodowiecki auf einem Wandrelief am Aufgang der Alten Nationalgalerie in Berlin (Ausschnitt).
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